Table 5.

Hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) for incident cancer and distribution of incident cancer cases (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and corresponding person-time, by sex and sex-specific quintile of vegetable and fruit intakes combined; data from 25,623 adults of the Greek component of the EPIC study

Sex-specific quintiles of the corresponding variable
Q1Q2Q3Q4Q5Ordered quintiles
Men (n = 10,582)
Vegetables* and fruits
    Quintile median56775890510691371
    Person-time14,81915,17915,18415,23815,641
    Incident cancers9398847769
    HR (95% CI)11.10 (0.82-1.48)0.93 (0.67-1.28)0.89 (0.63-1.26)0.87 (0.59-1.27)0.95 (0.87-1.04)
Women (n = 15,041)
Vegetables* and fruits
    Quintile median52270484710111314
    Person-time21,85822,21022,37222,48023,060
    Incident cancers10484898172
    HR (95% CI)10.79 (0.59-1.06)0.84 (0.62-1.13)0.74 (0.53-1.03)0.61 (0.41-0.90)0.90 (0.83-0.98)
Overall (n = 25,623)
Vegetables* and fruits
    Person-time36,67737,38937,55637,71838,701
    Incident cancers197182173158141
    HR (95% CI)10.95 (0.77-1.16)0.91 (0.73-1.13)0.84 (0.66-1.07)0.77 (0.59-1.01)0.94 (0.88-0.99)
  • NOTE: Data were adjusted for age (<35, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, and >65 y; categorically), formal education (≤5, 6-11, 12, and ≥13 y; categorically), smoking status (never smoker, former smoker, and five categories of current smoker: 1-10, 11-20, 21-30, 31-40, and ≥41 cigarettes/d; ordered), body mass index (in ordered quintiles), height (in ordered quintiles), physical activity expressed in MET-hours per day (in ordered quintiles), alcohol intake (per 10 g/d; continuously), supplement intake (no, yes), and total daily energy intake (in ordered quintiles). For both genders overall stratified by sex.

  • * Legumes are included.