Table 4.

BMI and the risks of esophageal adenocarcinoma, gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

BMI (kg/m2)Esophageal adenocarcinoma/controls (n)Esophageal adenocarcinoma, OR (95% CI)*Cardia carcinoma/controls (n)Cardia adenocarcinoma, OR (95% CI)*Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma/control (n)Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, OR (95% CI)*
<18.51/81.36 (0.12-15.52)0/11Not calculable3/180.91 (0.19-4.29)
18.5-24.928/3451.0043/3591.0078/4801.00
25-29.951/3072.20 (1.31-3.67)40/3380.91 (0.55-1.53)46/4360.66 (0.44-1.00)
≥3014/753.17 (1.43-7.04)16/832.04 (0.99-4.21)9/1280.30 (0.13-0.72)
OR per unit BMI increase1.10 (1.04-1.17)1.04 (0.98-1.09)0.89 (0.84-0.94)
  • * Cases and controls were matched for age, sex, and year of heath checkup. BMI results were also adjusted for ethnicity (White versus non-White given small numbers).