Table 2.

Anterior-posterior abdominal diameter and the risks of esophageal adenocarcinoma, gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, and esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (not adjusted for BMI)

Anterior-posterior diameter (cm)Cases/controls (n)Esophageal adenocarcinoma, OR (95% CI)*Cases/controls (n)Cardia adenocarcinoma, OR (95% CI)*Cases/controls (n)Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, OR (95% CI)*
<208/1001.0016/1291.0019/1311.00
20-22.413/1150.92 (0.31-2.74)12/1220.69 (0.29-1.60)24/1440.91 (0.43-1.94)
22.5-2512/952.35 (0.78-7.12)12/751.17 (0.49-2.84)14/1140.89 (0.35-2.24)
≥2522/803.47 (1.29-9.33)14/871.28 (0.38-4.25)15/1280.78 (0.32-1.92)
OR per cm increase55/3901.10 (1.03-1.17)54/4131.03 (0.95-1.11)72/5171.00 (0.94-1.06)
  • * Cases and controls were matched for age, sex, and year of heath checkup.