Table 1.

Mean and 95% CI of data for obese (BMI >30 kg/m2) and normal-weight (BMI <25 kg/m2) individuals in the EPIC Norfolk study

Item
Obese (404, 191 men, 255 women)
Normal weight (471, 203 men, 298 women)
P
Mean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)
Age (y)65.7 (64.9-66.5)64.2 (63.3-65.0)0.011
Weight first health check (kg)89.7 (88.6-90.8)63.5 (62.8-64.2)<0.001
Height first health check (cm)165 (164-166)166 (165-167)0.058
BMI first health check (kg/m2)32.8 (32.5-33.1)22.9 (22.7-23.0)
Weight (kg)91.8 (90.6-92.9)63.9 (63.1-64.6)<0.001
Height (cm)165 (164-166)166 (165-170)0.041
BMI, range (kg/m2)33.8 [33.5-34.1 (30.0-48.2)]23.1 [22.9-23.2 (20.0-25.0)]
Fat-free mass (kg)50.85 (49.5-52.2)46.6 (45.6-47.6)<0.001
Physical activity index48 (43-54)54 (49-58)0.088
Energy intake (MJ)8.16 (7.89-8.41)8.21 (7.98-8.42)0.763
Fat intake (g)71.9 (68.7-75.0)71.1 (68.5-73.8)0.762
Total sugars intake (g)132 (127-137)135 (130-140)0.418
Sucrose intake (g)55 (52-58)58 (55-62)0.149
Fructose intake (g)26 (25-27)25 (24-26)0.301
Sucrose/fructose ratio2.44 (2.20-2.68)2.66 (2.46-2.89)0.164
Vitamin C intake (mg)141 (134-148)127 (121-133)0.003
Urinary creatinine (mmol/L)8,186 (7,633-8,738)6,683 (6,241-7,125)<0.001
Specific gravity4.42 (4.25-4.58)4.11 (3.96-4.25)0.006
Total urinary sugars (mg/L)13.9* (12.4-15.8)13.6* (12.2-15.0)0.865
Total urinary sucrose (mg/L)7.6* (6.9-8.6)6.0* (5.4-6.8)0.164
Total urinary fructose (mg/L)4.3* (3.8-4.8)5.2* (4.6-5.8)0.261
Urinary sucrose/fructose ratio3.63 (3.06-4.20)2.66 (2.22-3.12)0.008
Urinary glucose (mg/L)29.3 (26.7-32.1)24.6 (22.6-26.8)0.007
Plasma vitamin C52.4 (50.2-54.7)58.7 (56.8-60.6)<0.001
  • NOTE: All data for the second health check, except where indicated for first health check.

  • * Geometric means.