Table 2.

Counts and risk estimates for BMI, weight gain, and height in relation to incident CRC, stratified by sex

MeasureCases, n (%)Controls, n (%)Age-adjusted OR (95% CI)Multivariable adjusted OR (95% CI)*
Women
    BMI 2 y ago (kg/m2)
        18.5-24.99616 (43.9)545 (45.3)11
        25-29.99443 (31.6)384 (31.9)1.06 (0.88-1.27)0.99 (0.83-1.20)
        30+260 (18.5)224 (18.6)1.05 (0.85-1.30)0.94 (0.75-1.18)
    BMI at age 20 y (kg/m2)
        18.5-24.99996 (70.9)875 (72.7)11
        25-29.99100 (7.1)92 (7.7)0.92 (0.68-1.25)0.89 (0.65-1.22)
        30+38 (2.7)27 (2.2)1.12 (0.68-1.86)0.97 (0.58-1.64)
    Weight gain since age 20 y
        Weight loss107 (7.6)85 (7.1)1.19 (0.85-1.67)1.19 (0.84-1.68)
        1-5 kg258 (18.4)243 (20.2)11
        6-10 kg228 (16.2)210 (17.5)1.04 (0.80-1.34)1.05 (0.81-1.38)
        11-20 kg386 (27.5)349 (29.0)1.09 (0.86-1.37)1.07 (0.85-1.36)
        21+ kg312 (22.2)258 (21.5)1.19 (0.93-1.52)1.13 (0.88-1.46)
    Height (m)
        <1.55184 (13.1)220 (18.3)11
        1.65 > height ≥1.55633 (45.1)528 (43.9)1.41 (1.12-1.78)1.47 (1.16-1.87)
        175 > height ≥ 1.65497 (35.4)409 (34.0)1.43 (1.13-1.81)1.53 (1.20-1.96)
        ≥1.7579 (5.6)42 (3.5)2.22 (1.45-3.40)2.27 (1.46-3.59)
Men
    BMI 2 y ago (kg/m2)
        18.5-24.99298 (23.1)441 (30.1)11
        25-29.99627 (48.5)738 (50.4)1.27 (1.06-1.53)1.29 (1.07-1.56)
        30+322 (24.9)264 (18.0)1.83 (1.46-2.29)1.80 (1.43-2.27)
    BMI at age 20 y (kg/m2)
        18.5-24.99784 (60.7)1,022 (69.8)11
        25-29.99295 (22.8)273 (18.6)1.34 (1.10-1.62)1.34 (1.10-1.63)
        30+51 (4.0)29 (2.0)1.98 (1.23-3.20)1.94 (1.19-3.16)
    Weight gain since age 20 y
        Weight loss76 (5.9)86 (5.9)1.24 (0.86-1.78)1.14 (0.79-1.65)
        1-5 kg214 (16.6)296 (20.2)11
        6-10 kg205 (15.9)269 (18.4)1.08 (0.83-1.40)1.06 (0.82-1.39)
        11-20 kg352 (27.2)443 (30.2)1.20 (0.95-1.51)1.18 (0.93-1.50)
        21+ kg333 (25.8)305 (20.8)1.71 (1.34-2.17)1.64 (1.28-2.11)
    Height (m)
        <1.6553 (4.1)54 (3.7)11
        1.75 > height ≥ 1.65409 (31.7)490 (33.5)0.83 (0.55-1.24)0.91 (0.60-1.39)
        1.85 > height ≥ 1.75640 (49.5)739 (50.4)0.85 (0.57-1.27)0.97 (0.64-1.47)
        ≥1.85170 (13.2)175 (12.0)0.91 (0.58-1.41)1.03 (0.65-1.54)
  • NOTE: Some counts do not add to totals because of missing and omitted information.

  • * In men and women, adjusted for age, education, red meat intake, recreational physical activity, province of residence, CRC screening endoscopy, and history of high cholesterol/triglycerides. In women only, additionally adjusted for menopausal status and ever use of postmenopausal hormones.