Table 3.

RRs of pancreatic cancer, with 95% CIs, according to anthropometry (women only)

VariableCategorical meanPYs in subcohortAll pancreatic cancer
MCPC
NMCPC
No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)
Height at baseline (cm)
    <160155.75,15627111911811
    160-<165161.97,715390.95 (0.57-1.57)0.93 (0.56-1.57)280.98 (0.54-1.77)0.90 (0.49-1.65)110.89 (0.35-2.24)0.98 (0.38-2.50)
    165-<170166.710,400861.63 (1.04-2.55)1.60 (1.02-2.53)481.27 (0.73-2.18)1.22 (0.70-2.11)382.45 (1.13-5.32)2.42 (1.11-5.28)
    170-<175171.45,289361.35 (0.80-2.27)1.40 (0.83-2.37)221.13 (0.60-2.12)1.13 (0.60-2.13)141.88 (0.77-4.56)2.06 (0.84-5.06)
    ≥175177.02,248171.52 (0.80-2.86)1.32 (0.67-2.60)101.22 (0.55-2.67)0.98 (0.41-2.33)72.21 (0.79-6.21)2.18 (0.73-6.48)
    Ptrend0.0270.0440.4240.5630.0070.008
    Continuous, per cm30,8092051.03 (1.00-1.05)1.02 (1.00-1.05)1271.01 (0.99-1.04)1.01 (0.98-1.04)781.05 (1.01-1.09)1.05 (1.01-1.09)
Weight at baseline (kg)
    <6558.511,082591136112311
    65-<7066.66,482421.19 (0.79-1.80)1.23 (0.81-1.88)241.13 (0.66-1.92)1.20 (0.70-2.05)181.30 (0.69-2.44)1.28 (0.66-2.46)
    70-<7571.45,687391.29 (0.85-1.97)1.30 (0.84-1.99)241.30 (0.77-2.21)1.31 (0.75-2.27)151.29 (0.66-2.50)1.28 (0.68-2.44)
    75-<8076.23,582311.62 (1.03-2.55)1.58 (0.99-2.52)201.73 (0.98-3.03)1.77 (1.00-3.17)111.47 (0.71-3.06)1.37 (0.65-2.89)
    ≥8086.14,721391.59 (1.04-2.43)1.64 (1.07-2.52)261.72 (1.02-2.89)1.88 (1.09-3.22)131.39 (0.70-2.79)1.34 (0.68-2.61)
    Ptrend0.0110.0100.0140.0090.2620.323
    Continuous, per kg31,5552101.02 (1.01-1.03)1.02 (1.01-1.03)1301.03 (1.01-1.04)1.03 (1.01-1.04)801.01 (0.99-1.03)1.01 (0.99-1.03)
BMI at baseline (kg·m−2)
    <2321.38,307461.03 (0.67-1.57)1.02 (0.66-1.58)230.82 (0.47-1.44)0.82 (0.46-1.45)231.35 (0.71-2.55)1.35 (0.70-2.57)
    23-<2524.08,328451128111711
    25-<2726.06,326551.60 (1.06-2.42)1.69 (1.11-2.58)361.70 (1.02-2.83)1.91 (1.14-3.23)191.43 (0.73-2.80)1.38 (0.70-2.70)
    27-<3028.34,869381.42 (0.90-2.22)1.41 (0.89-2.25)251.54 (0.88-2.67)1.55 (0.87-2.78)131.24 (0.60-2.59)1.27 (0.61-2.64)
    ≥3032.62,827191.27 (0.73-2.22)1.31 (0.74-2.31)141.49 (0.77-2.87)1.72 (0.87-3.39)50.91 (0.33-2.52)0.78 (0.28-2.14)
    Ptrend0.0640.0520.0060.0020.7360.539
    Continuous, per kg·m−230,6572031.04 (1.00-1.08)1.04 (1.00-1.08)1261.07 (1.02-1.11)1.08 (1.03-1.13)771.00 (0.94-1.07)0.99 (0.93-1.05)
BMI at age 20 y (kg·m−2)
    <2018.48,542651137112811
    20-<2120.53,966270.87 (0.55-1.40)0.93 (0.58-1.51)130.75 (0.39-1.43)0.81 (0.42-1.57)141.04 (0.54-2.02)1.06 (0.54-2.08)
    21-<2322.08,164420.67 (0.45-1.00)0.69 (0.46-1.04)280.78 (0.47-1.30)0.80 (0.48-1.33)140.53 (0.27-1.01)0.55 (0.28-1.06)
    ≥2324.97,020521.00 (0.68-1.47)0.97 (0.66-1.44)371.21 (0.76-1.95)1.21 (0.74-1.96)150.71 (0.37-1.35)0.66 (0.34-1.30)
    Ptrend0.6060.5350.5480.5900.1080.089
    Continuous, per kg·m−227,6911861.02 (0.95-1.09)1.02 (0.95-1.09)1151.07 (1.00-1.14)1.07 (1.00-1.14)711.03 (1.00-1.06)1.03 (1.00-1.05)
Change in BMI since age 20 y§ (kg·m−2)
    <0−2.53,104150.66 (0.36-1.19)0.67 (0.37-1.21)90.50 (0.23-1.09)0.50 (0.23-1.11)60.96 (0.38-2.40)0.95 (0.38-2.38)
    0-<42.212,012761150112611
    4-<85.79,287631.09 (0.77-1.53)1.08 (0.75-1.55)381.09 (0.71-1.67)1.13 (0.71-1.78)251.07 (0.61-1.85)1.02 (0.59-1.78)
    ≥810.33,187311.63 (1.06-2.52)1.72 (1.11-2.67)181.58 (0.91-2.74)1.81 (1.03-3.18)131.55 (0.77-3.10)1.40 (0.70-2.78)
    Ptrend0.0070.0040.0110.0040.2900.394
    Continuous, per kg·m−227,5901851.05 (1.01-1.10)1.05 (1.01-1.10)1151.07 (1.01-1.12)1.08 (1.02-1.13)701.02 (0.95-1.10)1.01 (0.94-1.08)
  • * Adjusted for age (continuous).

  • Adjusted for age (continuous), smoking (current smoker: yes/no; number of cigarettes smoked per day: continuous; number of years smoked: continuous), history of diabetes (yes/no), and history of hypertension (yes/no).

  • Reference category.

  • § BMI at age 20 y was included in all models for BMI change.