Table 2.

RRs of pancreatic cancer, with 95% CI, according to anthropometry (men only)

VariableCategorical meanPYs in subcohortAll pancreatic cancer
MCPC
NMCPC
No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)No. casesRR* (95% CI)RR (95% CI)
Height at baseline (cm)
    <170166.13,910341123111111
    170-<175171.96,952460.77 (0.48-1.23)0.68 (0.41-1.12)290.71 (0.40-1.25)0.55 (0.30-1.00)170.91 (0.42-1.98)1.07 (0.44-2.60)
    175-<180176.78,182751.09 (0.71-1.68)1.14 (0.72-1.82)551.17 (0.70-1.95)1.10 (0.65-1.87)200.94 (0.45-1.98)1.25 (0.53-2.95)
    180-<185181.75,632420.87 (0.54-1.40)0.80 (0.48-1.34)310.94 (0.54-1.65)0.79 (0.44-1.42)110.73 (0.31-1.73)0.86 (0.33-2.27)
    ≥185188.03,371260.92 (0.53-1.58)0.99 (0.56-1.75)140.71 (0.36-1.41)0.71 (0.36-1.42)121.42 (0.61-3.30)1.82 (0.69-4.81)
    Ptrend0.9470.7150.8680.8960.7010.435
    Continuous, per cm28,0462231.00 (0.98-1.02)1.01 (0.99-1.03)1521.00 (0.98-1.02)1.00 (0.97-1.02)711.01 (0.99-1.05)1.02 (0.98-1.06)
Weight at baseline (kg)
    <75§68.510,272741147112711
    75-<8076.45,553471.16 (0.79-1.71)1.16 (0.76-1.76)351.37 (0.87-2.15)1.41 (0.87-2.28)120.80 (0.40-1.60)0.73 (0.34-1.58)
    80-<8581.45,860461.09 (0.74-1.60)1.13 (0.75-1.70)301.12 (0.70-1.79)1.23 (0.75-2.02)161.04 (0.55-1.95)0.95 (0.48-1.86)
    85-<9086.23,120210.95 (0.57-1.58)0.92 (0.53-1.59)130.91 (0.48-1.71)0.96 (0.49-1.88)81.01 (0.45-2.26)0.82 (0.33-2.05)
    ≥9095.13,436361.49 (0.97-2.27)1.55 (0.99-2.45)291.89 (1.16-3.06)2.07 (1.24-3.47)70.79 (0.34-1.85)0.77 (0.32-1.88)
    Ptrend0.2060.1820.0900.0470.7960.605
    Continuous, per kg28,2702241.01 (0.99-1.03)1.01 (0.99-1.03)1541.02 (1.01-1.04)1.02 (1.01-1.04)700.99 (0.96-1.02)0.99 (0.96-1.02)
BMI at baseline (kg·m−2)
    <2321.55,484441.11 (0.75-1.66)1.10 (0.72-1.69)210.67 (0.40-1.14)0.66 (0.38-1.16)232.63 (1.36-5.09)2.62 (1.29-5.31)
    23-<25§24.19,088671152111511
    25-<2725.97,430500.91 (0.62-1.34)0.93 (0.61-1.39)350.82 (0.53-1.28)0.90 (0.57-1.44)151.22 (0.59-2.53)0.98 (0.44-2.16)
    27-<3028.14,672391.14 (0.75-1.73)1.17 (0.75-1.81)291.10 (0.69-1.77)1.20 (0.73-1.97)101.26 (0.56-2.85)1.12 (0.47-2.63)
    ≥3031.51,166202.54 (1.47-4.41)2.69 (1.47-4.92)142.23 (1.19-4.18)2.57 (1.30-5.10)63.36 (1.27-8.92)2.87 (0.94-8.70)
    Ptrend0.1390.1410.0180.0080.5170.312
    Continuous, per kg·m-227,8382201.05 (0.99-1.11)1.05 (0.99-1.12)1511.09 (1.02-1.16)1.10 (1.04-1.18)690.96 (0.85-1.10)0.94 (0.81-1.08)
BMI at age 20 y (kg·m−2)
    <2018.54,360351122111311
    20-<2120.54,095260.78 (0.46-1.32)0.80 (0.46-1.40)190.92 (0.49-1.73)0.93 (0.48-1.80)70.55 (0.22-1.41)0.62 (0.23-1.66)
    21-<2322.07,745600.97 (0.62-1.50)0.99 (0.62-1.59)421.08 (0.64-1.85)1.16 (0.67-2.04)180.78 (0.38-1.62)0.73 (0.32-1.64)
    ≥2324.66,168521.07 (0.68-1.69)1.07 (0.67-1.73)401.32 (0.77-2.26)1.33 (0.76-2.34)120.67 (0.30-1.48)0.68 (0.29-1.63)
    Ptrend0.5410.5620.2390.2260.4850.480
    Continuous, per kg·m−222,3681731.03 (0.96-1.09)1.03 (0.96-1.10)1231.04 (0.97-1.11)1.04 (0.97-1.11)500.99 (0.87-1.13)1.00 (0.87-1.15)
Change in BMI since age 20 y§ (kg·m−2)
    <0−1.81,824140.97 (0.53-1.79)0.99 (0.53-1.85)80.76 (0.34-1.68)0.74 (0.33-1.65)61.54 (0.64-3.73)1.84 (0.74-4.56)
    0-<42.112,150841156112811
    4-<85.77,103601.30 (0.89-1.90)1.34 (0.90-1.99)501.75 (1.15-2.67)1.89 (1.22-2.94)100.54 (0.25-1.20)0.45 (0.18-1.08)
    ≥810.01,231152.17 (1.13-4.15)2.21 (1.09-4.49)92.10 (0.97-4.55)2.56 (1.14-5.72)60.93 (0.61-6.15)1.28 (0.32-5.18)
    Ptrend0.0420.0520.0110.0010.6170.288
    Continuous, per kg·m−222,3081731.06 (0.98-1.14)1.07 (0.99-1.15)1231.10 (1.02-1.18)1.12 (1.04-1.21)501.02 (0.99-1.05)0.92 (0.76-1.11)
  • Abbreviation: PYs, person-years.

  • * Adjusted for age (continuous).

  • Adjusted for age (continuous), smoking (current smoker: yes/no; number of cigarettes smoked per day: continuous; number of years smoked: continuous), history of diabetes (yes/no), and history of hypertension (yes/no).

  • Reference category.

  • § BMI at age 20 y was included in all models for BMI change.