Table 5.

Differences in quality of life in bladder cancer survivors based on exercise category in the past month

QoL variableCS (n = 324), mean ± SDIA (n = 86), mean ± SDMG (n = 115), mean ± SDBetween-group comparisons: mean difference (95% CI), P
IA vs CSMG vs IAMG vs CS
FACT-Bl (0-152)121.2 ± 20.4125.8 ± 15.2128.8 ± 17.54.6 (0.1, 9.1), 0.0463.0 (−2.3, 8.3), 0.2667.6 (3.6, 11.7), <001
    Adjusted121.7124.8128.23.1 (−1.4, 7.6), 0.1783.4 (−1.7, 8.6), 0.1936.5 (2.5, 10.5), 0.001
FACT-G (0-108)86.5 ± 15.190.0 ± 11.991.6 ± 13.73.5 (0.1, 6.9), 0.0431.6 (−2.5, 5.6), 0.4475.1 (2.0, 8.1), 001
    Adjusted86.789.491.32.7 (−0.7, 6.1), 0.1151.9 (−2.0, 5.7), 0.3524.6 (1.5, 7.6), 0.003
TOI (0-104)81.0 ± 15.384.8 ± 11.087.0 ± 12.33.9 (0.5, 7.2), 0.0242.2 (−1.7, 6.1), 0.2696.1 (3.1, 9.1), <001
    Adjusted81.483.986.42.4 (−0.9, 5.7), 0.1502.5 (−1.3, 6.4), 0.1925.0 (2.0, 7.9), 0.001
PWB (0-28)25.0 ± 4.626.4 ± 2.426.1 ± 3.81.5 (0.5, 2.4), 0.004−0.3 (−1.4, 0.9), 0.6261.2 (0.3, 2.0), 0.009
    Adjusted25.026.226.01.2 (0.3, 2.2), 0.0110.2 (−0.9, 1.3), 0.7121.0 (0.2, 1.9), 0.018
FWB (0-28)21.3 ± 6.322.6 ± 5.323.6 ± 4.91.3 (−0.1, 2.7), 0.0651.0 (−0.6, 2.7), 0.2142.3 (1.1, 3.6), <0.001
    Adjusted21.522.323.40.8 (−0.6, 2.2), 0.2471.2 (−0.4, 2.8), 0.1552.0 (0.7, 3.2), 0.002
EWB (0-24)20.9 ± 3.820.9 ± 3.521.5 ± 3.10.0 (−0.8, 0.9), 0.9390.6 (−0.3, 1.5), 0.2130.6 (−0.2, 1.4), 134
    Adjusted20.921.021.40.1 (−0.7, 1.0), 0.7420.3 (−0.6, 1.3), 0.4990.5 (−0.3, 1.2), 0.214
SWB (0-28)19.3 ± 5.419.9 ± 4.520.5 ± 4.90.6 (−0.6, 1.8), 0.3520.5 (−0.9, 2.0), 0.4711.1 (0.0, 2.2), 0.047
    Adjusted19.419.920.40.5 (−0.7, 1.8), 0.4230.6 (−0.9, 2.0), 0.4461.1 (−0.0, 2.3), 0.060
Additional concerns (0-48)34.7 ± 7.335.8 ± 6.437.3 ± 7.11.1 (−0.6, 2.8), 0.2061.5 (−0.5, 3.4), 0.1482.6 (1.0, 4.1), 0.001
    Adjusted35.035.337.00.4 (−1.3, 2.1), 0.6671.6 (−0.4, 3.5), 0.1102.0 (0.5, 3.5), 0.011
Urinary (0-12)9.6 ± 2.49.4 ± 2.49.8 ± 1.9−0.2 (−0.7, 0.4), 0.5410.4 (−0.2, 1.1), 0.1990.3 (−0.2, 0.7), 0.315
    Adjusted9.69.49.8−0.2 (−0.8, 0.3), 0.4610.4 (−0.2, 1.1), 0.1900.2 (−0.3, 0.8), 0.383
Bowel (0-8)6.9 ± 1.56.9 ± 1.57.0 ± 1.50.0 (−0.3, 0.4), 0.9180.1 (−0.4, 0.5), 0.7990.1 (−0.3, 0.4), 0.653
    Adjusted6.96.97.00.0 (−0.3, 0.4), 0.8840.1 (−0.4, 0.5), 0.7610.0 (−0.3, 0.4), 0.817
Sex interest (0-4)1.6 ± 1.32.0 ± 1.32.2 ± 1.30.4 (0.1, 0.7), 0.0130.3 (−0.1, 0.7), 0.1430.7 (0.4, 1.0), <0.001
    Adjusted1.61.82.10.2 (−0.1, 0.5), 0.2890.3 (0.0, 0.7), 0.0710.5 (0.2, 0.8), <0.001
Erectile dysfunction (0-4)1.2 ± 1.31.4 ± 1.41.8 ± 1.40.2 (−0.2, 0.6), 0.2500.4 (−0.1, 0.8), 0.0880.6 (0.3, 0.9), <0.001
    Adjusted1.31.21.7−0.1 (−0.4, 0.2), 0.5830.5 (0.1, 0.9), 0.0100.4 (0.1, 0.7), 0.006
Body image (0-4)2.3 ± 1.32.6 ± 1.12.8 ± 0.90.3 (0.0, 0.5), 0.0360.3 (−0.1, 0.6), 0.1240.5 (0.3, 0.8), <0.001
    Adjusted2.32.62.80.3 (0.0, 0.6), 0.0360.3 (−0.1, 0.6), 0.1220.6 (0.3, 0.8), <0.001
  • Abbreviations: 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; CS, completely sedentary; IA, insufficiently active; MG, meeting guidelines.