Table 1.

Selected baseline characteristics of prostate cancer cases and controls in the Swedish CAPS and Finnish studies

CharacteristicsSweden
Finland
ControlsCasesControlsCases
Age, mean (y)67.365.9NA69.0
BMI, mean (kg/m2)26.226.3
Education, n (%)
    Compulsory school 0-9 y352 (45)619 (45)
    Upper secondary 10-12 y334 (43)544 (40)
    University ≥13 y96 (12)194 (14)
    Missing5 (0.6)5 (0.4)
Country of birth, n (%)
    Sweden731 (93)1,295 (95)
    Other European countries49 (6)62 (4.6)
    Missing7 (0.9)5 (0.4)
Smokers, n (%)
    Never297 (38)528 (39)
    Ever478 (61)815 (60)
    Missing12 (1)19 (1)
Prostate cancer stage, n (%)*
    Localized1,570 (56)677 (55)
    Advanced1,193 (42)552 (45)
    Unknown53 (2)0
  • Abbreviations: NA, not available; BMI; body mass index.

  • * See Materials and Methods for definition of prostate cancer stage.