Table 3.

Median nicotine (μg/m3) concentrations in public places in major Latin American Cities

HospitalsSchoolsGovernment buildingAirportsRestaurantsBars
Guatemala<LD (<LD-0.010)<LD (<LD-<LD)0.012 (<LD-0.05)0.006 (<LD-0.01)0.58 (0.46-0.71)4.58 (1.71-6.45)
Costa Rica0.02 (0.01-0.04)<LD (<LD-<LD)0.02 (0.01-0.05)0.01 (0.01-0.03)0.73 (0.46-1.80)1.32 (0.75-7.43)
Honduras<LD (<LD-0.02)0.003 (<LD-0.005)0.05 (0.01-0.15)0.07 (0.02-0.59)1.68 (0.35-2.29)1.26 (0.77-1.77)
Panama<LD (<LD-<LD)<LD (<LD-<LD)<LD (<LD-0.004)0.03 (0.01-0.69)0.15 (0.01-2.10)2.36 (2.14-2.88)
Mexico0.01 (0.004-0.02)<LD (<LD-<LD)0.10 (0.04-0.14)0.21 (0.04-0.50)0.69 (0.52-0.86)6.00 (3.85-8.60)
Argentina*1.33 (0.51-3.12)0.14 (0.05-0.23)2.60 (1.43-2.99)0.26 (0.18-0.67)2.04 (0.90-2.60)3.65 (3.58-3.65)
Brazil0.05 (0.02-0.09)<LD (<LD-0.03)0.04 (0.03-0.21)0.10 (0.03-0.16)2.52 (1.25-3.95)N/A
Chile0.13 (0.03-0.47)0.01 (0.003-0.02)1.13 (0.08-0.13)1.07 (0.64-1.07)2.08 (1.08-3.56)3.33 (2.06-4.82)
Paraguay0.01 (0.001-0.03)0.001 (<LD-0.05)0.05 (0.03-0.10)0.07 (0.05-0.20)0.24 (0.06-0,36)1.59 (0.78-6.68)
Peru0.02 (0.01-0.07)0.01 (0.01-0.08)0.07 (0.01-0.31)0.93 (0.20-1.30)0.80 (0.15-2.42)6.21 (4.00-9.12)
Uruguay*0.80 (0.31-1.69)0.08 (0.02-0.61)0.67 (0.47-0.94)1.15 (0.74-2.49)1.41 (0.41-2.48)3.14 (0.77-4.82)
  • The cities were Guatemala City in Guatemala, Tegucigalpa in Honduras, Panama City in Panama, San Jose in Costa Rica, Mexico City in Mexico, Buenos Aires in Argentina, Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, Santiago in Chile, Asuncion in Paraguay, Lima in Peru, and Montevideo in Uruguay. University concentrations were not included because these institutions were not evaluated in the other Latin American cities.

    Abbreviation: LD, limit of detection.

  • * Since the time of the survey, Uruguay has passed a smoke-free legislation that bans smoking in all public places including bars and restaurants. The city of Buenos Aires has also passed a smoke-free legislation that covers many bars and restaurants.