Table 3.

Associations between self-reported exercise during 6-month follow-up and patient-rated outcomes at 6-month follow-up

PostinterventionFollow-up M (SD)Mean change M (SD)Unadjusted group differences in mean change: M (95% CI); PAdjusted group differences in mean change: M (95% CI); P
FACT-An
    Neither137.3 (28.1)146.9 (28.9)+ 9.8 (5.2-14.3)BT vs NT: +7.0 (−0.9-14.9); P = 0.083+9.5 (1.2-17.8); P = 0.025
    Either142.6 (27.3)157.2 (22.0)+14.4 (9.6-19.3)ET vs NT: +4.7 (−2.0-11.4); P = 0.169+5.9 (−1.2-13.1); P = 0.104
    Both146.2 (22.3)162.6 (19.5)+16.8 (10.3-23.2)BT vs ET: +2.3 (−5.8-10.4); P = 0.573+3.6 (−4.7-11.8); P = 0.397
Self-esteem
    Neither33.7 (5.2)33.8 (5.4)+0.1 (−0.8-1.0)BT vs NT: +1.4 (−0.2-3.0); P = 0.083+1.5 (−0.2-3.1); P = 0.083
    Either33.9 (5.1)34.9 (4.7)+0.9 (−0.1-1.9)ET vs NT: +0.8 (−0.5-2.2); P = 0.230+0.6 (−0.9-2.0); P = 0.454
    Both35.0 (4.7)36.5 (4.1)+1.5 (0.2-2.8)BT vs ET: +0.6 (−1.0-2.2); P = 0.483+0.9 (−0.8-2.6); P = 0.280
Fatigue
    Neither33.5 (11.7)37.8 (11.8)+4.5 (2.5-6.5)BT vs NT: +2.5 (−1.0-6.0); P = 0.155+4.5 (0.9-8.1); P = 0.013
    Either36.8 (11.2)43.3 (8.4)+6.5 (4.3-8.6)ET vs NT: +2.0 (−1.0-4.9); P = 0.185+3.3 (0.2-6.4); P = 0.035
    Both38.6 (8.0)45.6 (7.3)+7.0 (4.2-9.8)BT vs ET: +0.5 (−3.0-4.1); P = 0.767+1.2 (−2.4-4.7); P = 0.512
Anxiety
    Neither35.8 (12.6)37.0 (12.9)+1.1 (−1.4-3.7)BT vs NT: −4.6 (−9.0 to −0.2); P = 0.040−4.3 (−9.0-0.4); P = 0.070
    Either36.7 (11.3)33.8 (11.1)−2.9 (−5.6 to −0.1)ET vs NT: −4.0 (−7.7 to −0.3); P = 0.036−3.3 (−7.4-0.8); P = 0.110
    Both36.4 (11.0)32.9 (12.4)−3.5 (−7.1-0.1)BT vs ET: −0.6 (−5.1-3.9); P = 0.784−1.0 (−5.7-3.7); P = 0.677
Depression
    Neither10.9 (9.9)10.8 (10.6)−0.1 (−2.2-2.1)BT vs NT: −3.2 (−6.9-0.6); P = 0.095−3.1 (−7.0-0.8); P = 0.122
    Either10.6 (9.8)7.9 (7.7)−2.6 (−4.9 to −0.3)ET vs NT: −2.5 (−5.7-0.6); P = 0.115−1.9 (−5.3-1.5); P = 0.273
    Both10.2 (9.4)7.0 (8.3)−3.2 (−6.3 to −0.2)BT vs ET: −0.6 (−4.4-3.2); P = 0.743−1.2 (−5.1-2.7); P = 0.552
  • NOTE: M (SD) at postintervention and follow-up are based on available data. Mean change is based on follow-up score minus postintervention score but may not precisely reflect this difference given that mean change is estimated based on mixed model analysis. Adjusted group difference in mean change was adjusted for postintervention value of the outcome, age, marital status, employment status, disease stage, chemotherapy protocol, and baseline exercise status.

  • Abbreviations: NT, meeting neither exercise guideline; ET, meeting either exercise guideline; BT, meeting both exercise guidelines.