Table 4.

Associations between levels of 12 adipokines and selected demographic factors

nIL-1βIL-6IL-8TNF-αPAI-1hsCRPMCP-1NGFLeptinAdiponectinHGFResistin
Correlation* age480.01*0.050.160.06−0.01−0.170.18−0.090.050.100.010.19
BMI480.020.210.070.060.42−0.290.270.250.230.060.34−0.07
WHR480.210.410.210.200.56−0.210.540.480.53−0.290.510.24
Mean difference
History of chronic disease
    Yes40.51 (0.20)3.61 (2.30)3.89 (3.86)2.23 (0.80)15.11 (71.57)0.04 (0.07)135.1 (31.8)17.8 (14.5)5.17 (2.89)4.60 (3.62)513.4 (187.0)9.88 (3.94)
    No441.95 (4.77)5.97 (7.66)4.41 (6.51)2.38 (2.37)15.95 (87.09)0.13 (0.22)111.1 (40.0)27.6 (43.8)3.39 (2.33)5.38 (4.09)482.9 (391.0)7.52 (7.71)
Current smoking
    No210.52 (1.29)3.47 (3.16)4.08 (5.63)2.05 (0.63)14.40 (7.48)0.05 (0.06)113.2 (40.4)18.5 (18.9)4.33 (2.25)5.11 (3.89)437.1 (212.1)7.05 (5.69)
    Yes272.66 (5.62)7.57 (9.08)4.60 (6.84)2.62 (2.97)17.02 (92.1)0.17 (0.26)113.1 (39.6)33.3 (53.0)2.93 (2.38)5.47 (4.17)524.2 (467.7)8.24 (8.62)
  • * Spearman correlation coefficient [values in bold are statistically significant (P < 0.05)].

  • Values presented are mean (SD; values in bold are statistically significant (P < 0.05) for the Wilcoxon rank sum test).

  • Self-reported history of diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and stroke.