Table 4.

ORs and 95% CIs for pancreatic cancer and treatment for diabetes mellitus, population-based case control study, San Francisco Bay Area, California

CaseControlOR* (95% CI)
No diabetes4551,5381.0 (reference)
Treatment for diabetes
    Exercise and/or diet alone261.1 (0.23-5.6)
    Medication alone27910.98 (0.63-1.5)
    Insulin alone471.9 (0.55-6.5)
    Medication and insulin combined35462.5 (1.6-4.0)
Total years of medication alone
    <519481.3 (0.77-2.3)
    ≥58430.62 (0.29-1.3)
Total years of insulin
Men + women
    <533166.8 (3.7-12)
    ≥56370.54 (0.23-1.3)
Men
    No diabetes2457851.0 (reference)
    <519125.2 (2.5-11)
    ≥55200.81 (0.30-2.2)
Women
    No diabetes2107531.0 (reference)
    <514412 (3.9-37)
    ≥51170.21 (0.03-1.6)
  • * Adjusted for age and sex.

  • Reference group for all comparisons.

  • Combined with or without oral medication.