Table 1.

Proposed psychosocial mediators of a 4-month SSE intervention effect

Psychosocial factorNo. itemsItem wordingResponse category for each itemScore rangesBaseline, M (SD)Internal consistency*
Self-efficacy3How confident are you that you can: (1) perform SSE? (2) perform effective SSE? (3) I am not confident that I know what to look for when doing SSE1 = Not at all, 2 = a little, 3 = somewhat confident, 4 = very, 5 = extremely confident1-53.4 (0.7)0.77
Response efficacy1How certain are you that SSE is an effective means of detecting early skin cancer?1 = Not at all, 2 = a little, 3 = somewhat certain, 4 = very, 5 = extremely certain1-54.0 (0.9)NA
Melanoma worry (30)4During the past two weeks: (1) how often have you worried about developing melanoma? (2) How often has your mood been affected by concern that you might get melanoma someday? (3) How often have thoughts about getting melanoma affected your abilities to perform your daily activities? (4) How emotionally distressed or concerned have you been about the possibility of getting melanoma?Items 1-3: 1 = rarely or never, 2 = sometimes, 3 = often, 4 = all the timeItem 4: 1 = not at all, 2 = somewhat concerned, 3 = moderately concerned, 4 = very concerned4-167.5 (2.6)0.84
SSE anxiety1When I think about doing SSE I become anxious1 = Strongly disagree, 2 = somewhat disagree, 3 = undecided, 4 = somewhat agree, 5 = strongly agree1-52.3 (1.0)NA
Skin cancer knowledge11Knowledge concerning types of skin cancer, curability, prevention methods, performance of SSE, body parts in SSE, signs and appropriate follow-up of suspicious lesions, time interval for SSE, and appropriate reminders for SSE0 = Incorrect, 1 = correct0-117.1 (1.2)0.65
Skin awareness (31)1Do you think you would notice changes on your skin if they occurred?0 = No/DK, 1 = Yes0-10.7 (0.4)NA
  • Abbreviation: NA, not available.

  • * Internal consistency calculated at 4-month assessment for each psychosocial factor.

  • This variable was reverse coded.