Table 3.

RR and 95% CI of pancreatic cancer according to anthropometric factors

CasesRR (95% CI)
UnadjustedAdjusted*
Height (cm)
    Q1581.001.00
    Q2991.711.71 (1.22-2.39)
    Q3871.581.57 (1.10-2.23)
    Q4751.731.74 (1.20-2.52)
    Per 10 cm1.371.37 (1.15-1.64)
    Ptrend = 0.001
    Pheterogeneity = 0.42
Weight (kg)
    Q1661.001.00
    Q2650.940.90 (0.63-1.28)
    Q3851.101.02 (0.73-1.44)
    Q41031.281.14 (0.82-1.61)
    Per 5 kg1.061.05 (0.99-1.10)
    Ptrend = 0.06
    Pheterogeneity = 0.47
BMI (kg/m2)
    <2090.710.67 (0.33-1.37)
    20-22.9481.001.00
    23-24.9850.970.99 (0.69-1.41)
    25-26.9710.790.82 (0.56-1.19)
    27-29.9430.740.76 (0.50-1.16)
    30-34.9501.151.16 (0.77-1.76)
    ≥35131.211.19 (0.64-2.23)
    Per 5 kg/m21.081.09 (0.95-1.24)
    Ptrend = 0.24
    Pheterogeneity = 0.50
Hip circumference§ (cm)
    Q1691.001.00
    Q2550.780.78 (0.55-1.12)
    Q3660.930.92 (0.65-1.30)
    Q4901.271.20 (0.86-1.68)
    Per 10 cm1.111.09 (0.94-1.26)
    Ptrend = 0.27
    Pheterogeneity = 0.83
Waist circumference (cm)
    Q1511.001.00
    Q2590.900.89 (0.61-1.30)
    Q3791.121.08 (0.75-1.54)
    Q4911.261.14 (0.79-1.63)
    Per 10 cm1.181.13 (1.01-1.26)
    Ptrend = 0.03
    Pheterogeneity = 0.43
Waist-to-hip ratio
    Q1451.001.00
    Q2590.970.96 (0.65-1.41)
    Q3731.091.05 (0.72-1.53)
    Q41031.481.33 (0.93-1.92)
    Per 0.11.321.24 (1.04-1.48)
    Ptrend = 0.02
    Pheterogeneity = 0.38
  • NOTE: Both adjusted and unadjusted relative risks were stratified by 5-year age at entry groups, sex, and country. Pheterogeneity is a test for heterogeneity in RR between countries.

  • * Adjusted for smoking and diabetes and by sex-specific height quartile (weight, waist, hip, and waist/hip ratio only).

  • Quartiles: males, <170, 170 to <175, 175 to <180, and ≥180 cm; females, <158, 158 to <162, 162 to <167, ≥167 cm.

  • Quartiles: males, <73, 73 to <80, 80 to <88, and ≥88 kg; females, <58, 58 to <64, 64 to <72, and ≥72 kg.

  • § Quartiles: males, <97, 97 to <100, 100 to <105, and ≥105 cm; females, <95, 95 to <101, 101 to <107, and ≥107 cm.

  • Quartiles: males, <88, 88 to <94, 94 to <101, and ≥101 cm; females, <73, 73 to <79, 79 to <88, and ≥88 cm.

  • Quartiles: males, <0.90, 0.90 to <0.94, 0.94 to <0.98, and ≥0.98; females, <0.75, 0.75 to <0.79, 0.79 to <0.84, and ≥0.84.