Table 1.

Demographic characteristics of pesticide-exposed fruit growers and controls stratified by different intensity of exposure

VariablesControlsPesticide exposure
LowHigh
No. subjects106*4348
Age (range), y48.9 ± 1.1* (21-83)56.7 ± 1.6 (38-79)55.8 ± 1.7 (28-78)
Gender: male (%)38 (35.8%)18 (41.9%)27 (56.3%)
Duration of pesticide exposure (y)028.5 ± 2.729.8 ± 2.4
Size of orchard (ha)00.7 ± 0.11.7 ± 0.1
Smoking habit
    Current smoker (%)15 (14.2%)7 (16.3%)11 (22.9%)
    Pack-years2.1 ± 0.65.2 ± 2.29.0 ± 2.9
  • * Data represent numbers of individuals or means ± SE for continuous variables.

  • P < 0.01; control group significantly different from the high and low pesticide exposure groups.

  • P < 0.01, compared with the low pesticide exposure group.