Table 1.

Colorectal cancer testing trends by gender

Home FOBT within past year
Sigmoidoscopy within 5 y
Colonoscopy within 10 y
Any recommended test
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)n% (95% CI)
Totals4,69216.1 (14.8-17.5)6,85615.3 (14.3-16.5)4,6227.6 (6.7-8.5)6,7735.9 (5.2-6.6)4,61832.2 (30.6-33.8)6,76029.8 (28.4-31.2)4,59246.5 (44.9-48.2)6,71043.1 (41.6-44.6)
Race
    White4,02616.2 (14.8-17.7)5,79515.3 (14.1-16.5)3,9837.6 (6.7-8.6)5,7196.1 (5.4-7.0)3,98033.1 (31.4-34.8)5,71130.6 (29.1-32.1)3,95447.5 (45.8-49.3)5,67444.1 (42.5-45.8)
    Black53018.1 (14.2-22.8)88115.1 (12.8-17.7)5067.6 (5.1-11.3)8814.1 (2.9-5.8)50527.3 (22.6-32.5)87625.7 (22.8-28.9)50542.8 (37.2-48.5)86537.5 (34.2-40.9)
    Other1368.7 (4.6-15.8)18017.6 (10.8-27.2)1335.6 (2.6-11.4)1733.7 (1.6-8.6)13321.1 (14.4-29.8)17318.2 (12.8-25.3)13328.9 (21.3-37.9)17132.1 (23.9-41.4)
Hispanic or Latino
    Yes51412.3 (8.4-17.7)77710.1 (7.7-13.2)5044.0 (2.3-6.9)7603.1 (1.9-4.9)50321.1 (16.9-26.1)75922.3 (19.1-25.9)49730.4 (25.3-36.0)75831.4 (27.7-35.2)
    No4,17816.4 (15.1-17.8)6,07915.7 (14.6-17.0)4,1187.8 (6.9-8.8)6,0136.1 (5.4-6.9)4,11533.0 (31.3-34.7)6,00130.3 (28.9-31.8)4,09547.7 (46.0-49.5)5,95244.0 (42.4-45.6)
Age (y)
    50-642,79314.2 (12.6-15.9)3,58213.6 (12.3-15.0)2,7727.0 (6.0-8.2)3,5555.4 (4.5-6.4)2,77027.8 (25.8-29.9)3,55126.7 (24.9-28.5)2,75441.0 (38.8-43.2)3,53639.0 (37.1-41.0)
    ≥651,89919.3 (17.2-21.5)3,27417.6 (16.1-19.3)1,8508.5 (7.2-10.1)3,2186.5 (5.6-7.6)1,84839.5 (37.1-41.9)3,20933.7 (31.8-35.8)1,83855.8 (53.2-58.3)3,17448.5 (46.3-50.7)
Education
    <High school1,01112.2 (10.0-15.0)1,62511.4 (9.7-13.5)9683.5 (2.4-5.1)1,5832.6 (1.8-3.8)96521.2 (18.3-24.4)1,57924.9 (22.3-27.7)96431.8 (28.5-35.4)1,57134.2 (31.3-37.2)
    High school graduate1,32015.4 (13.2-17.9)2,22114.5 (12.8-16.5)1,2995.0 (3.8-6.5)2,1995.3 (4.2-6.6)1,29433.8 (30.8-36.8)2,19728.9 (26.7-31.2)1,29145.2 (42.1-48.3)2,16942.0 (39.6-44.4)
    Some college1,07816.6 (14.3-19.2)1,71217.0 (14.8-19.4)1,0728.0 (6.5-10.0)1,7046.9 (5.5-8.6)1,07433.7 (30.7-36.9)1,70131.2 (28.6-33.9)1,06549.1 (45.6-52.5)1,69645.4 (42.6-48.2)
    College graduate1,23819.2 (16.6-22.1)1,22019.3 (16.8-22.0)1,23512.3 (10.3-14.6)1,2119.0 (7.1-11.3)1,23736.7 (33.6-39.9)1,20835.5 (32.5-38.6)1,22955.5 (52.3-58.7)1,20552.6 (49.3-55.8)
Annual household income*
    <$20,0001,11713.9 (11.5-16.6)2,49112.2 (10.7-13.9)1,0843.3 (2.3-4.9)2,4414.0 (3.1-5.0)1,08127.0 (24.1-30.3)2,43325.8 (23.8-27.9)1,07738.6 (35.5-41.9)2,41036.6 (34.4-38.8)
    $20,000-34,9991,09414.3 (11.9-17.0)1,61315.0 (13.1-17.2)1,0735.6 (3.9-8.0)1,5915.6 (4.2-7.3)1,07132.0 (28.4-35.9)1,58830.5 (27.6-33.7)1,06643.8 (40.2-47.5)1,57942.8 (39.3-46.3)
    $35,000-54,99993317.7 (14.9-20.9)1,14416.8 (14.2-19.8)9257.5 (5.7-9.7)1,1435.9 (4.4-7.8)92633.2 (29.7-36.8)1,14331.7 (28.4-35.2)91747.8 (44.2-51.6)1,13246.5 (42.9-50.1)
    $55,000-74,99954415.6 (12.0-19.9)59314.4 (11.2-18.3)5398.1 (5.6-11.7)5887.4 (5.3-10.3)53934.0 (29.3-38.9)58631.1 (25.8-37.1)53748.1 (43.1-53.1)58744.7 (39.4-50.2)
    ≥$75,0001,00418.1 (15.1-21.4)1,01519.0 (16.3-22.0)1,00111.6 (9.4-14.3)1,0107.8 (6.1-10.0)1,00034.0 (30.6-37.7)1,01031.6 (27.8-35.6)99452.1 (48.3-55.9)1,00348.2 (44.0-52.3)
Marital status
    Married2,78417.2 (15.7-18.9)2,69916.3 (14.8-18.0)2,7578.1 (7.0-9.3)2,6936.6 (5.6-7.8)2,75734.8 (32.8-36.9)2,69130.2 (28.3-32.1)2,74449.7 (47.6-51.7)2,67644.5 (42.4-46.7)
    Unmarried1,89213.1 (11.3-15.1)4,13114.1 (12.9-15.5)1,8496.1 (4.9-7.4)4,0504.9 (4.2-5.7)1,84524.9 (22.6-27.3)4,03929.4 (27.8-31.0)1,83237.8 (35.2-40.6)4,00741.4 (39.7-43.2)
Health coverage
    None3964.1 (2.3-6.9)5355.3 (3.5-7.8)3851.6 (0.7-3.6)5271.6 (0.7-3.4)38313.4 (9.5-18.6)52810.9 (8.2-14.4)38317.2 (13.1-22.4)52516.6 (13.3-20.5)
    Public81117.9 (15.0-21.2)1,64214.2 (12.1-16.5)8005.8 (3.9-8.5)1,6014.1 (3.1-5.5)79930.0 (26.6-33.5)1,59425.4 (22.8-28.3)78645.1 (41.0-49.3)1,57737.6 (34.6-40.8)
    Private3,47516.9 (15.4-18.5)4,66216.7 (15.4-18.1)3,4288.4 (7.4-9.6)4,6276.8 (5.9-7.7)3,42734.3 (32.4-36.3)4,62032.8 (31.2-34.5)3,41449.5 (47.6-51.5)4,59047.3 (45.5-49.1)
Usual source of care
    Yes4,23317.3 (15.9-18.7)6,45115.9 (14.7-17.0)4,1768.1 (7.2-9.1)6,3766.1 (5.4-6.9)4,17334.1 (32.5-35.9)6,36430.9 (29.5-32.3)4,14849.5 (47.8-51.3)6,31444.7 (43.2-46.3)
    No (ER included)4542.9 (1.5-5.5)4016.7 (4.1-10.6)4421.5 (0.6-3.3)3932.4 (1.1-5.0)44110.1 (7.3-13.9)39210.1 (7.3-13.9)43912.5 (9.4-16.5)39215.5 (11.8-20.3)
Seen or talked to a general doctor (men and women)
    Yes3,58419.1 (17.5-20.7)5,61116.8 (15.6-18.0)3,5278.3 (7.4-9.4)5,5446.3 (5.5-7.2)3,52336.6 (34.7-38.5)5,53232.9 (31.4-34.4)3,50553.0 (51.0-55.0)5,48947.2 (45.6-48.8)
    No1,1085.8 (4.5-7.5)1,2408.7 (7.0-10.9)1,0944.9 (3.6-6.7)1,2254.0 (3.0-5.4)1,09417.0 (14.6-19.8)1,22415.4 (13.2-17.8)1,08724.2 (21.4-27.2)1,21724.2 (21.3-27.3)
No. physician visits in past year
    None7282.8 (1.5-5.2)5992.4 (1.4-4.0)7193.7 (2.4-5.8)5941.6 (0.8-3.2)71911.2 (8.6-14.3)5947.4 (5.3-10.2)71416.4 (13.2-20.2)59110.0 (7.7-13.0)
    One62412.1 (9.5-15.4)73110.6 (8.5-13.1)6125.7 (3.9-8.1)7264.4 (3.1-6.1)61322.0 (18.6-25.8)72418.5 (15.4-22.0)61032.0 (28.1-36.2)72030.0 (26.4-33.8)
    2-51,92818.1 (16.0-20.3)2,83316.5 (15.0-18.3)1,8928.9 (7.5-10.4)2,7906.0 (4.9-7.3)1,89137.1 (34.5-39.7)2,78729.1 (27.2-31.2)1,89253.1 (50.5-55.8)2,77043.7 (41.7-45.7)
    ≥61,37821.3 (18.8-24.1)2,63918.4 (16.6-20.3)1,3658.5 (6.9-10.4)2,6117.1 (6.0-8.4)1,36140.1 (37.4-42.9)2,60339.0 (36.9-41.2)1,34358.5 (55.5-61.5)2,57954.0 (51.5-56.4)
Mammogram within past 2 y
    Yes0NA4,79719.6 (18.2-21.1)0NA4,7397.3 (6.4-8.3)0NA4,73635.8 (34.2-37.4)0NA4,71452.4 (50.7-54.1)
    No0NA1,9844.4 (3.4-5.6)0NA1,9642.2 (1.5-3.1)0NA1,95714.2 (12.5-16.1)0NA1,93718.8 (16.9-20.9)
Papanicolaou smear within past 3 y
    Yes0NA4,68318.4 (17.0-19.8)0NA4,6336.9 (6.0-7.8)0NA4,62933.7 (32.0-35.3)0NA4,60749.2 (47.5-50.9)
    No0NA2,0488.4 (7.1-10.0)0NA2,0193.5 (2.5-4.8)0NA2,01320.3 (18.3-22.5)0NA1,99528.3 (25.9-30.8)
PSA within past year
    Yes1,91226.5 (24.1-29.0)0NA1,88311.8 (10.2-13.7)0NA1,88545.4 (42.9-48.0)0NA1,88566.7 (64.2-69.2)0NA
    No2,6308.0 (6.9-9.4)0NA2,5954.3 (3.6-5.3)0NA2,59021.8 (20.0-23.7)0NA2,57230.6 (28.6-32.7)0NA
Smoking status
    Never1,76114.2 (12.2-16.5)4,03715.1 (13.7-16.6)1,7357.8 (6.4-9.5)3,9916.2 (5.4-7.2)1,73229.1 (26.6-31.8)3,98027.9 (26.3-29.6)1,71943.7 (41.0-46.4)3,95041.5 (39.8-43.2)
    Former1,99018.6 (16.7-20.7)1,78718.6 (16.5-21.0)1,9648.2 (7.0-9.6)1,7666.7 (5.4-8.3)1,96339.4 (36.8-42.1)1,76337.2 (34.5-40.1)1,95253.9 (51.4-56.4)1,75452.4 (49.4-55.4)
    Current92314.3 (11.9-17.2)1,00310.4 (8.2-13.1)9055.6 (4.1-7.5)9913.0 (2.0-4.4)90521.7 (18.8-24.9)99223.7 (20.8-27.0)90435.3 (31.8-39.0)98233.0 (29.5-36.6)
  • NOTE: Data are from NHIS 2003: counts, weighted percentages, and 95% confidence intervals. Respondents are men and women ages 50 years and older who have never been diagnosed with colorectal cancer. n denotes the actual number of valid NHIS 2003 respondents and % denotes the weighted percentage of respondents with a recent test. Subjects who received a proctoscopy in the past 5 years are excluded from analysis. Values in boldface indicate a significant difference between males and females.

    Abbreviations: 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; ER, emergency room; NA, not applicable.

  • * Missing Incomes are imputed via The National Center for Health Statistics NHIS 2003 Imputed Family Income Files.