Table 1.

Characteristics of participants by fruit and vegetable consumption in 1986

Total fruits (servings/d)
Total vegetables (servings/d)
<1/d1-1.9/d2-2.9/d≥3/d<2/d2-2.9/d3-3.9/d≥4/d
NHS women
    Age (y)5152535452525354
    BMI (kg/m2)2525252525252525
    Physical activity (METS/wk)*101214189111317
    Alcohol intake (g/d)141211910111212
    Animal fat (g/d)3734323035343331
    Current smoker (%)3724171531262118
    History of hypertension (%)2425262726252626
    History of diabetes (%)2.93.83.84.53.83.73.74.1
    Multivitamin user (%)3641444739404245
HPFS men
    Age (y)5254555654545555
    BMI (kg/m2)2626252526262626
    Physical activity (METS/wk)*1519222717192125
    Alcohol intake (g/d)141211910111212
    Animal fat (g/d)4743403544424138
    Current smoker (%)181175121098
    History of hypertension (%)2222222221222223
    History of diabetes (%)2.42.93.23.82.82.93.33.6
    Multivitamin user (%)3640444640404145
  • NOTE: All values except age were standardized according to the age distribution of cohorts. All values are means except where otherwise noted. Animal fat and dietary fiber values represent the mean energy-adjusted intake.

  • * METS, metabolic equivalents. One MET is the energy expended by sitting quietly. Each activity was assigned a MET value; e.g., swimming = 7 METS, and running = 12 METS. Total METS per week were calculated by summing all METS per week of each activity.