Table 2.

HRs and 95% CIs for the associations between known and putative risk factors and mortality from pancreatic cancer

CovariateNo. subjectsNo. deathsAdjusted for age, sex and study HR (95% CI)Multiple-adjusted HR (95% CI)
Cigarettes per day
    Nonsmoking*59,3878411
    <208,690141.17 (0.64-2.13)1.17 (0.64-2.13)
    ≥209,242261.86 (1.09-3.17)1.86 (1.09-3.17)
Fasting blood glucose (mmol/L)
    <5.2*125,8552811
    5.2-5.7841,118281.75 (1.01-3.04)1.79 (1.03-3.10)
    ≥5.7927,041291.96 (1.12-3.44)2.08 (1.18-3.67)
BMI (kg/m2)
    <23*121,7147711§
    23-26110,408761.03 (0.74-1.45)1.07 (0.76-1.49)
    ≥2674,093770.98 (0.68-1.42)1.00 (0.69-1.45)
Height (cm)
    ≤159*84,8067311§
    160-170142,524740.71 (0.48-1.06)0.71 (0.48-1.06)
    ≥17174,568691.17 (0.71-1.93)1.21 (0.74-1.98)
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)
    <4.8*105,7496811
    4.8-5.7108,609720.87 (0.61-1.22)0.87 (0.61-1.23)
    ≥5.869,465680.74 (0.50-1.08)0.73 (0.50-1.07)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
    <130*200,3118111
    131-14659,093701.33 (0.95-1.86)1.34 (0.96-1.87)
    ≥14746,807791.19 (0.84-1.69)1.20 (0.84-1.71)
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)
    <76*129,2108211
    76-86107,068740.85 (0.61-1.17)0.85 (0.62-1.18)
    ≥8769,933740.94 (0.67-1.31)0.95 (0.68-1.33)
  • * Reference group.

  • Adjusted for diabetes and BMI.

  • Adjusted for smoking and BMI.

  • § Adjusted for smoking and diabetes.

  • Adjusted for smoking, diabetes and BMI.