Table 4.

Multivariate results for having a self-reported Pap test in the past 3 years among women residing in selected metropolitan statistical areas, based on data from 2000 and 2002 BRFSS and 2000 U.S. Census (N = 48,095)

CharacteristicModel 1, odds ratio (95% CI)Model 2, odds ratio (95% CI)
Year
    20001.02 (0.86-1.22)1.02 (0.85-1.22)
    20021.001.00
Age (y)
    18-391.001.00*
    40-490.84 (0.72-0.97)0.84 (0.72-0.97)
    50-640.64 (0.54-0.76)0.64 (0.54-0.76)
    65-740.34 (0.27-0.42)0.34 (0.27-0.42)
    75+0.18 (0.14-0.22)0.18 (0.14-0.22)
Race
    White1.00*1.00*
    Black1.66 (1.34-2.05)1.63 (1.32-2.02)
    Asian or Pacific Islander0.31 (0.25-0.40)0.31 (0.25-0.40)
    American Indian or Alaska native2.07 (1.57-2.74)2.03 (1.53-2.69)
    Other1.16 (0.96-1.40)1.16 (0.96-1.40)
Hispanic
    Yes1.001.00
    No1.13 (0.95-1.35)1.15 (0.96-1.38)
Household size
    One1.00*1.00*
    Two0.94 (0.82-1.08)0.94 (0.82-1.08)
    Three0.94 (0.79-1.10)0.94 (0.79-1.11)
    Four or more0.67 (0.56-0.79)0.67 (0.57-0.80)
Marital status
    Currently married or living as unmarried couple1.00*1.00*
    Divorced or separated0.72 (0.61-0.85)0.72 (0.61-0.85)
    Widowed0.69 (0.56-0.84)0.69 (0.56-0.84)
    Never married0.29 (0.25-0.34)0.29 (0.25-0.34)
Education
    <High school graduate1.00*1.00*
    High school graduate/GED1.12 (0.93-1.33)1.11 (0.93-1.33)
    Some college/technical school1.51 (1.25-1.83)1.51 (1.24-1.83)
    College graduate2.15 (1.75-2.64)2.15 (1.75-2.63)
Income
    <$15,0001.11 (0.96-1.28)1.11 (0.95-1.28)
    $15,000-34,9991.06 (0.88-1.28)1.06 (0.88-1.27)
    $35,000-49,9990.82 (0.68-0.99)0.82 (0.68-0.99)
    ≥$50,0001.34 (1.13-1.60)1.35 (1.14-1.60)
    Unknown1.00*1.00*
Health insurance
    Yes2.37 (2.05-2.73)2.36 (2.05-2.73)
    No1.00*1.00*
Percentage living in poverty (%)
    0-4.90.91 (0.69-1.21)
    5-9.90.78 (0.62-0.99)
    10-19.90.88 (0.72-1.07)
    20+1.00
Percentage with low education (%)
    0-14.91.14 (0.94-1.38)
    15-24.91.16 (1.00-1.34)
    25+1.00
  • NOTE: Estimates were obtained using SUDAAN software to account for the weighting. Census 2000 variables are linked at the county level to the 2000 and 2002 BRFSS data set. Only women residing in a county that is part of a metropolitan statistical area with a total Census 2000 population of at least 1,500,000 are included in the sample. Model 1 results are based on data from BRFSS. Model 2 results are based on data from both BRFSS and U.S. Census.

  • * P < 0.001 from Wald χ2 test.