Table 2.

HRs and 95% CIs of gastric cancer according to consumption of fruits and vegetables among 82,002 Swedish women and men, 1998-2005

Servings/dCasesPerson-years of follow-upAge- and sex-adjusted HR (95% CI)Multivariate HR (95% CI)*Multivariate HR (95% CI)*,
Fruit and vegetables
    <2.03382,0301.001.001.00
    2.0-3.434151,9130.64 (0.39-1.03)0.63 (0.38-1.02)0.60 (0.33-1.13)
    3.5-4.933147,1930.68 (0.42-1.11)0.66 (0.39-1.10)0.58 (0.31-1.12)
    ≥5.039210,4200.58 (0.36-0.94)0.54 (0.32-0.91)0.37 (0.19-0.74)
    Ptrend0.080.060.01
Fruit
    <1.052199,7431.001.001.00
    1.0-1.428113,8690.93 (0.59-1.48)0.93 (0.58-1.49)0.64 (0.34-1.21)
    1.5-2.433155,8790.85 (0.55-1.32)0.86 (0.55-1.36)0.74 (0.42-1.28)
    ≥2.526122,0650.85 (0.53-1.38)0.86 (0.52-1.43)0.66 (0.35-1.24)
    Ptrend0.470.530.23
Vegetables
    <1.02968,2551.001.001.00
    1.0-1.41767,3990.68 (0.37-1.24)0.66 (0.36-1.21)0.67 (0.31-1.45)
    1.5-2.438162,6020.69 (0.42-1.13)0.67 (0.41-1.11)0.72 (0.38-1.36)
    ≥2.555293,3000.60 (0.38-0.96)0.56 (0.34-0.93)0.44 (0.23-0.84)
    Ptrend0.080.050.01
  • * Multivariate hazard ratios were adjusted for age (in months), sex, education (less than high school, high school graduate, or more than high school), smoking status and pack-years of smoking (never smoker, past smoker and <20 pack-years, past smoker and ≥20 pack-years, current smoker and <20 pack-years, or current smoker and ≥20 pack-years), diabetes (yes/no), and intakes of total energy (continuous), alcohol (quartiles), and processed meat (<1.5, 1.5-4.9, or ≥5 servings/wk).

  • Excluding the first 3 years of follow-up.