Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of women in the Swedish Mammography Cohort and men in the Cohort of Swedish Men according to fruit and vegetable consumption in 1997

Fruit and vegetable consumption (servings/d)
Women (Swedish Mammography Cohort)
Men (Cohort of Swedish Men)
<2.02.0-3.43.5-4.9≥5.0<2.02.0-3.43.5-4.9≥5.0
No. participants3,1697,4789,21716,8008,49913,64711,08512,107
Age (y)*65.263.161.660.761.860.359.559.9
Postsecondary education (%)9.012.917.723.48.513.518.022.9
History of diabetes (%)3.73.53.53.95.86.05.86.9
Current smoker (%)37.427.523.319.336.525.721.818.8
Pack-years*,18.516.314.913.724.421.219.618.9
Dietary intake
    Total energy (kcal/d)*1,3821,5611,6831,9152,3292,5612,7002,976
    Alcohol (g/d)*2.83.64.24.58.710.110.911.3
    Processed meat (servings/wk)*2.32.83.03.23.43.94.14.4
  • NOTE: Fruits and vegetables include apples/pears, bananas, citrus fruit, orange/grapefruit juice, berries, and other fruits, including spinach, lettuce, green salad, white cabbage, red cabbage, Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, carrots, beetroots, tomatoes/tomato juice, sweet pepper, onion, leek, garlic, green peas, and mixed vegetables.

    Values, except for the number of participants and age, are standardized according to the age distribution of the study population at baseline.

  • * Mean values.

  • Pack-years were calculated among past and current smokers only.