Table 1.

Characteristics of long-term cancer survivors and comparison subjects

CharacteristicNoncancer comparisons, % (n = 5,808)Long-term cancer survivors, % (n = 968)P*
Age, y1.000
    18-3410.410.4
    35-4922.422.4
    50-6428.928.9
    ≥6538.238.2
Sex1.000
    Males31.731.7
    Females68.368.3
Social marital status0.807
    Married55.354.9
    Not married44.745.1
Highest education level0.932
    Tertiary qualification21.721.3
    Year 11/1219.119.0
    Year 10 or below56.957.5
    Not stated2.32.2
Employment status0.434
    Employed full time27.024.8
    Employed part time15.316.7
    Unemployed2.12.0
    Not in labor force55.756.5
Weekly household income0.085
    $0−1996.96.9
    $200-39929.830.1
    $400−79919.623.2
    $800-1,19911.99.5
    $1,200−1,7999.08.5
    $≥1,8005.75.6
    Not stated17.216.2
Private health insurance0.163
    Yes50.653.1
    No49.346.8
    Unknown0.10.1
Locality0.156
    Major city65.161.9
    Inner regional22.324.1
    Other12.714.1
Long-term comorbidities by major disease grouping
    Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs2.44.20.002
    Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases17.219.20.128
    Mental and behavioral problems10.513.20.013
    Diseases of the circulatory system35.638.70.064
    Diseases of the respiratory system33.439.20.001
    Diseases of the digestive system11.516.1<0.001
    Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue51.558.6<0.001
No. selected long-term comorbid disease groups<0.001
    None20.513.5
    One or two56.256.2
    Three or more23.330.3
  • * All P values are for two-sided χ2 test.

  • Cancer survivors and the comparison group were matched by 5-year age group and sex.

  • χ2 test excludes “not stated” or “unknown” response categories.