Table 3.

Smoking status by heavy alcohol intake and by ALDH2 genotype

Smoking statusAlcohol intake (%)
Moderate (1-149 g/wk)Heavy (≥450 g/wk)
Inoue and Tsugene (22), (men, n = 35,007)
    Never30.215.5
    Former22.720.1
    Current47.164.4
ALDH2 genotype
*2*2
*1*2
*1*1
Takagi et al. (23), (men, n = 1919)
    Current smokers35.939.539.7
Matsuo et al, (15), (controls, n = 241)*2*2 and *1*2
    Never62.654.0
    Former15.722.0
    Current21.723.8