Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of breast cancer survivors [mean (SD) or n (%)]

VariableImmediate treatmentDelayed treatmentP
Age (y)53.3 (8.7)52.8 (7.6)0.79
Ethnicity
    Caucasian39 (98)41 (100)0.99
    Mixed race1 (2)
Education
    Some college or vocational training8 (20)7 (17)0.89
    College degree22 (55)22 (54)
    Graduate or professional degree10 (25)12 (29)
Postmenopausal34 (85)32 (78)0.42
Breast cancer stage
    DCIS7 (18)5 (12)0.63
    Stage I16 (43)16 (39)
    Stage II13 (34)18 (44)
    Stage III2 (5)2 (5)
Time since first diagnosis (y)1.73 (min = 0.58, max = 3.59)2.02 (min = 0.44, max = 11.42)0.34*
Time since last treatment session (y)1.21 (min = 0.28, max = 2.84)1.09 (min = 0.25, max = 3.12)0.45
Treatment types
    Radiation25 (66)26 (65)0.91
    Chemotherapy25 (66)30 (73)0.48
    Axillary dissection33 (87)39 (95)0.25
Hormone blocker treatment
    Tamoxifen30 (77)27 (66)0.27
    Anastrazole3 (8)5 (12)0.72
    Other0 (0)1 (2)
Energy intake (kcal)1,577 (721)1,495 (568)0.58
Leisure physical activity score (units)2.53 (0.482.58 (0.52)0.70
Sport physical activity score (units)3.23 (0.69)3.18 (0.63)0.75
  • * Scatterthwaite test.

  • Fisher's two-sided exact test.