Table 3.

Intervention effect on change in number of risk factors adjusted for site, gender, age group, and number of baseline risk factors

No change
Positive change/dropping risk factors
Negative change/adding risk factors
n = 540n = 507n = 190
Intervention vs usual care
    OR (95% CI)1.00 (—)1.53 (1.19-1.98)0.59 (0.42-0.85)
    P0.0010.004
Baseline risk factors (increase of 1)
    OR (95% CI)1.00 (—)1.67 (1.50-1.87)0.60 (0.52-0.71)
    P<0.0001<0.0001
Site: North Carolina vs Massachusetts
    OR (95% CI)1.00 (—)1.23 (0.95-1.59)1.48 (1.05-2.09)
    P0.110.03
Gender: female vs male
    OR (95% CI)1.00 (—)1.02 (0.79-1.33)1.20 (0.85-1.70)
    P0.860.30
Age: 60+ vs 40-59
    OR (95% CI)1.00 (—)0.88 (0.68-1.13)0.89 (0.63-1.25)
    P0.320.48
  • NOTE: OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.