Table 1.

Selected baseline characteristics of 38,447 women according to quintiles of dietary lycopene intake

Quintile of lycopene intake
1st (<4,443 μg/d)2nd (4,443 to <6,471 μg/d)3rd (6,471 to <9,083 μg/d)4th (9,083 to <13,044 μg/d)5th (≥13,044 μg/d)
Number of women7,6907,6897,6907,6897,689
Age (years)54.3 ± 7.2*53.7 ± 6.954.1 ± 7.054.0 ± 7.053.6 ± 6.9
Smoking status (%)
    Never52.651.851.051.348.4
    Former33.034.936.236.439.4
    Current14.413.312.912.312.2
Body mass index (kg/m2)26.2 ± 5.225.9 ± 4.926.1 ± 5.025.9 ± 5.025.9 ± 5.0
History of breast cancer in first-degree relative (%)6.66.56.25.95.8
Exercise (%)
    Rarely/never44.339.437.236.234.1
    <Once/wk19.220.720.120.119.4
    One to three times/wk27.830.032.331.934.2
    ≥Four times/wk8.89.910.511.812.4
Alcohol consumption (%)
    Rarely/never52.245.742.142.641.2
    One to three drinks/mo12.813.613.713.612.3
    One to six drinks/wk26.631.733.932.833.7
    ≥1 drink/d8.49.010.311.012.9
Menarche ≥14 years (%)19.518.017.918.717.4
Ever used oral contraceptives (%)66.471.368.869.971.4
Age at first pregnancy (%)
    <20 years11.410.510.39.910.0
    20-34 years83.484.984.785.684.8
    ≥35 years3.32.63.12.83.1
Nulliparous (%)3.33.43.13.13.3
Postmenopausal (%)56.453.655.554.653.6
Postmenopausal hormone use (%)
    Never48.849.247.846.846.8
    Former10.810.09.710.710.1
    Current40.440.942.542.543.1
Fruit and vegetable intake (servings/d)4.8 ± 2.85.2 ± 2.85.9 ± 3.06.7 ± 3.17.6 ± 3.7
Other energy-adjusted dietary factors (25)
    Total fiber intake (g/d)17.1 ± 6.017.8 ± 5.418.8 ± 5.419.8 ± 5.621.5 ± 6.2
    Folate intake (μg/d)400 ± 222412 ± 220428 ± 224437 ± 218465 ± 231
    Saturated fat intake (g/d)20.5 ± 5.320.2 ± 4.819.8 ± 4.619.3 ± 4.618.5 ± 4.7
  • * Mean ± SD.