Table 3.

Risk factors for mortality from all causes, malignant neoplasms, circulatory diseases, and ischemic heart diseases

All causes (n = 456)
Malignant neoplasms (n = 107)
Circulatory diseases (n = 219)
Ischemic heart diseases (n = 60)
DeathsRR* (95% CI)DeathsRR* (95% CI)DeathsRR* (95% CI)DeathsRR* (95% CI)
Smoking at entry
    Never37418811801541
    Former521.13 (0.83-1.55)161.71 (0.95-3.06)231.06 (0.66-1.69)61.81 (0.86-3.81)
    Current302.04 (1.37-3.04)30.99 (0.30-3.24)162.66 (1.52-4.63)0
Level of activity
    Low3418116131
    Moderate2280.62 (0.43-0.89)500.62 (0.29-1.32)1200.69 (0.41-1.18)380.57 (0.22-1.50)
    High1940.64 (0.44-0.93)490.84 (0.39-1.81)830.58 (0.33-1.00)190.58 (0.21-1.56)
Alcohol consumption
    Never25716611211351
    Ever1991.15 (0.93-1.41)411.65 (1.06-2.56)981.09 (0.81-1.48)251.34 (0.77-2.34)
Dietary group
    Nonvegetarian1341311741191
    Vegetarian3221.10 (0.89-1.36)761.04 (0.67-1.62)1450.83 (0.62-1.12)410.70 (0.41-1.18)
BMI
    Normal34818111671471
    Underweight571.13 (0.85-1.51)161.05 (0.61-1.81)230.91 (0.58-1.42)51.06 (0.47-2.40)
    Overweight511.12 (0.82-1.51)100.98 (0.50-1.92)291.40 (0.93-2.12)81.90 (0.95-3.78)
Education
    Low1301321661211
    Medium1850.89 (0.71-1.12)410.74 (0.46-1.18)830.83 (0.59-1.15)180.95 (0.52-1.75)
    High1410.80 (0.62-1.03)340.60 (0.36-1.00)700.82 (0.57-1.18)210.76 (0.39-1.48)
  • NOTE: Included are only those without missing values in all variables in the table.

  • * Adjusted for age, gender, and all other variables in the table.

  • BMI categories (underweight, <18.5 kg/m2; normal weight, 18.5-25.0 kg/m2; overweight, >25.0 kg/m2).