Table 3.

ORs (95% CIs) for the association of quartiles of carotenoid-rich food intake with ovarian cancer, Hawaii and Los Angeles, 1993-1999

Q2 vs Q1Q3 vs Q1Q4 vs Q1P for trend*
All vegetables with juice1.35 (0.96-1.91)1.03 (0.72-1.49)1.20 (0.79-1.83)0.61
    Carrots with juice1.13 (0.80-1.58)0.70 (0.50-0.99)0.77 (0.58-1.02)0.05
        Carrot-raw or cooked1.18 (0.84-1.65)0.70 (0.49-0.99)0.80 (0.56-1.15)0.05
        Carrot juice1.08 (0.84-1.64)0.87 (0.58-1.29)0.79 (0.58-1.10)0.03
    Spinach1.19 (0.84-1.67)1.02 (0.73-1.44)0.94 (0.66-1.34)0.64
    Tomatoes0.82 (0.57-1.16)1.23 (0.85-1.77)0.82 (0.55-1.24)0.77
    Tomato Juice1.18 (0.73-1.90)1.20 (0.72-1.99)0.94 (0.57-1.55)0.78
    Broccoli0.94 (0.67-1.31)0.90 (0.61-1.26)0.86 (0.61-1.22)0.39
    Pumpkin0.93 (0.55-1.53)0.99 (0.71-1.38)1.09 (0.77-1.55)0.75
All fruits with juice1.00 (0.71-1.40)1.10 (0.78-1.56)0.86 (0.60-1.25)0.65
    Papaya1.42 (0.99-2.02)1.07 (0.73-1.56)1.19 (0.80-1.78)0.28
    Oranges1.00 (0.72-1.39)1.21 (0.87-1.69)1.25 (0.90-1.74)0.12
    Tangerines1.52 (1.05-2.19)1.02 (0.71-1.46)1.33 (0.94-1.86)0.12
  • NOTE: ORs after adjustment for age, ethnicity, study site, education, oral contraceptive pill use, pregnancy status, tubal ligation, and energy intake by unconditional logistic regression. Quartile cut points for specific foods were as follows: all vegetables, 253.9, 388.0, and 560.6 g; total carrot, 9.2, 18.4, and 36.8 g; carrot, 9.0, 18.0, and 36.0 g; carrot juice, 0, 0.21, and 0.53 g; spinach, 0.7, 5.0, and 14.5 g; tomatoes, 26.5, 46.8, and 77.6 g; tomato juice, 0, 9.9, and 33.9 g; broccoli, 8.3, 20.1, and 35.1 g; pumpkin, 0, 2.5, and 6.3 g; all fruits, 177.5, 218.0, and 359.6 g; papaya, 0, 5.7, and 22.3 g; orange, 4.3, 11.1, and 46.3 g; tangerine, 0, 7.0, and 14.0 g.

  • * Based on the likelihood ratio test comparing models with and without a trend variable that was assigned the median for the categories.