Table 1.

Selected study participant characteristics in relation to BMI and recreational physical activity at baseline among 145,627 men and women in the CPS-II Nutrition Cohort, 1992-1999

CharacteristicBMI [weight (kg)/height (m)2]
Men
Women
<2525 to <3030+<2525 to <3030+
No. participants24,94034,7349,91539,71624,58211,740
Age at baseline (mean ± SE)64.8 ± 0.0463.6 ± 0.0362.5 ± 0.0662.1 ± 0.0362.3 ± 0.0461.3 ± 0.06
Smoking status (%)
    Never36.231.328.653.756.659
    Current10.78.37.69.67.75.6
    Former53.160.463.836.735.735.3
MET-hours per week (mean ± SE)14.8 ± 0.0813.0 ± 0.0710.1 ± 0.1313.4 ± 0.0611.3 ± 0.089.3 ± 0.11
Height, cm (mean ± SE)178.82 ± 0.05178.31 ± 0.03178.05 ± 0.08164.34 ± 0.03163.83 ± 0.05162.56 ± 0.05
Weight change, kg (age 18 to 1992; mean ± SE)7.89 ± 0.0615.83 ± 0.0627.12 ± 0.106.62 ± 0.0416.69 ± 0.0528.58 ± 0.07
≥College graduate, %53.945.335.635.628.224.3
Family history of pancreatic cancer, %4.14.44.54.34.64.6
Personal history of diabetes, %7.29.115.53.9713.1
Personal history of gallbladder disease, %68.310.510.217.426
No alcohol intake in last year, %31.131.837.739.647.858.6
Caloric intake, kcal (mean ± SE)
1,754 ± 4
1,807 ± 3.4
1,911 ± 6.5
1,321 ± 2.5
1,379 ± 3.1
1,460 ± 4.5
Characteristic
Recreational leisure-time activity (MET-hours per week)
Men
Women
None
>0 to 17.5
17.5+
None
>0 to 17.5
17.5+
No. participants8,34540,90520,3396,90850,53118,599
Median MET-hours per week07.829.607.628.8
Moderate/high-intensity activities,* %9.823.46.619.2
Age at baseline (mean ± SE)63.4 ± 0.0763.9 ± 0.0364.3 ± 0.0461.9 ± 0.0862.0 ± 0.0362.2 ± 0.05
Smoking status (%)
    Never25.93334.651.656.952.9
    Current16.98.4713.57.97.7
    Former57.158.658.334.935.239.4
BMI [weight (kg)/height (m2); mean ± SE]27.2 ± 0.0426.5 ± 0.0226.0 ± 0.0226.9 ± 0.0525.7 ± 0.0224.8 ± 0.03
Height, cm (mean ± SE)178.31 ± 0.08178.31 ± 0.03178.56 ± 0.05163.83 ± 0.08163.83 ± 0.01163.83 ± 0.05
Weight change, kg (age 18 to 1992; mean ± SE)17.01 ± 0.1215.01 ± 0.0512.79 ± 0.0816.60 ± 0.1313.65 ± 0.0510.98 ± 0.08
≥College graduate, %29.648.251.623.331.235.1
Family history of pancreatic cancer, %44.34.54.54.44.4
Personal history of diabetes, %11.19.48.58.46.35.7
Personal history of gallbladder disease, %8.287.11815.113.4
No alcohol intake in last year, %4032.229.853.84640
Caloric intake, kcal (mean ± SE)1,901 ± 71,770 ± 3.11,828 ± 4.51,379 ± 61,354 ± 2.21,374 ± 3.6
  • NOTE: All values (except age) are standardized to the age distribution of the study population.

  • * Low-intensity activities are defined as those with MET scores <4.5 (walking, biking, aerobics/calisthenics, or dancing), and moderate/high-intensity activities are defined as those with MET scores >4.5 (jogging/running, swimming, or tennis/racquetball).