Table 4.

Intake of foods in selected botanical groups among women in Shanghai, China and risk of breast cancer

Quartiles of intake
Servings per day1234P for trend
Araliaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls286/86192/209
    OR (95% CI)*1.001.56 (1.07-2.29)0.03
    OR (95% CI)1.001.59 (1.08-2.34)0.02
Compositae0>0
    No. cases/controls25/31353/1039
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.58 (0.29-1.18)0.13
    OR (95% CI)1.000.58 (0.28-1.17)0.13
Convovulaceae/ Dioscoreaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls99/305279/765
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.92 (0.65-1.30)0.64
    OR (95% CI)1.000.94 (0.66-1.33)0.72
Crucifeae≤3.1/wk<4.8/wk<1.04/d≥1.04/d
    No. cases/controls98/26998/267103/26979/265
    OR (95% CI)*1.001.22 (0.76-1.95)1.19 (0.72-1.95)1.04 (0.60-1.81)0.93
    OR (95% CI)1.001.24 (0.77-1.99)1.21 (0.74-2.00)1.08 (0.62-1.89)0.83
Cucurbitaceae≤2.8/wk<3.6/wk<4.7/wk≥4.7/wk
    No. cases/controls119/26895/26790/26874/267
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.84 (0.52-1.33)0.81 (0.48-1.35)0.73 (0.43-1.24)0.27
    OR (95% CI)1.000.84 (0.53-1.35)0.81 (0.49-1.37)0.74 (0.43-1.26)0.29
Ebenaceae≤2/y<4/y≥4/y
    No. cases/controls224/58653/163101/321
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.89 (0.55-1.44)0.60 (0.42-0.86)0.006
    OR (95% CI)1.000.88 (0.54-1.42)0.60 (0.42-0.86)0.006
Laminariaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls117/248261/822
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.78 (0.55-1.12)0.18
    OR (95% CI)1.000.79 (0.55-1.13)0.19
Liliaceae≥3.2/mo<3/wk<1/d≥1/d
    No. cases/controls135/26794/27284/27365/258
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.65 (0.43-0.99)1.40 (0.90-2.18)0.81 (0.49-1.33)0.86
    OR (95% CI)1.000.65 (0.43-0.99)1.39 (0.90-2.17)0.80 (0.48-1.32)0.89
Musacea≤8/y<2/mo<1/wk≥1/wk
    No. cases/controls96/25290/25378/229114/336
    OR (95% CI)*1.001.16 (0.74-1.83)0.99 (0.62-1.56)1.27 (0.82-1.98)0.32
    OR (95% CI)1.001.19 (0.75-1.87)0.99 (0.62-1.57)1.29 (0.83-2.01)0.39
Nymphaeaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls78/157300/913
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.61 (0.41-0.92)0.02
    OR (95% CI)1.000.61 (0.40-0.91)0.02
Rosaceae≤4.1/mo<1.9/wk<3.6/wk≥3.6/wk
    No. cases/controls102/26574/27097/269105/266
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.67 (0.42-1.10)0.63 (0.39-1.01)0.70 (0.42-1.18)0.18
    OR (95% CI)1.000.66 (0.40-1.07)0.60 (0.37-0.97)0.67 (0.40-1.13)0.14
Rutaceae≤1.1/mo<2.9/mo<1/wk≥1/wk
    No. cases/controls103/282102/34858/175115/265
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.94 (0.61-1.45)0.84 (0.50-1.42)0.91 (0.58-1.43)0.64
    OR (95% CI)1.000.93 (0.60-1.44)0.83 (0.48-1.40)0.91 (0.58-1.43)0.64
Sapindaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls83/138295/932
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.87 (0.58-1.30)0.49
    OR (95% CI)1.000.86 (0.58-1.29)0.46
Solanaceae≤1.5/wk<2.5/wk<3.5/wk≥3.5/wk
    No. cases/controls134/26888/26481/27375/265
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.94 (0.60-1.45)1.03 (0.66-1.62)0.79 (0.49-1.28)0.46
    OR (95% CI)1.000.94 (0.61-1.45)1.05 (0.67-1.64)0.82 (0.50-1.32)0.54
Umbelliferae≤1.1/mo<1.9/mo<3.3/mo>3.3/mo
    No. cases/controls83/25692/27390/274113/267
    OR (95% CI)*1.001.40 (0.88-2.24)1.63 (1.02-2.60)1.79 (1.11-2.90)0.02
    OR (95% CI)1.001.43 (0.89-2.29)1.64 (1.02-2.63)1.83 (1.13-2.97)0.01
Vitaceae0>0
    No. cases/controls33/42345/1028
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.94 (0.49-1.78)0.84
    OR (95% CI)1.000.93 (0.49-1.77)0.83
Zingiberaceae≤4/wk<5/wk<1/d≥1/d
    No. cases/controls155/26462/21932/156129/431
    OR (95% CI)*1.000.96 (0.60-1.56)1.51 (0.83-2.74)1.06 (0.73-1.53)0.64
    OR (95% CI)1.000.97 (0.60-1.58)1.52 (0.84-2.76)1.05 (0.73-1.52)0.66
  • NOTE: All analyses stratified by year of interview (1995-1996, 1997, 1998-1999, and 2000-2001), using conditional logistic regression.

  • * Adjusted for age and total fruit and vegetable intake.

  • Adjusted for age, total fruit and vegetable intake, and breast-feeding.