Table 3.

Carbohydrates (% calories) intake and risk of breast cancer in Mexican women

Range of intake (% Calories)All women (n = 1,866)
Premenopausal women (n = 875)
Postmenopausal women (n = 991)
ControlCasesOR Age adjusted (95% CI)OR* (95% CI)ControlsCasesOR* (95% CI)ControlsCasesOR* (95% CI)
Carbohydrates
    ≤52347891.001.00147261.00200631.00
    53-573481001.62 (0.83-1.60)1.13 (0.81-1.57)155461.75 (1.01-3.05)193540.83 (0.54-1.27)
    58-623481131.40 (1.02-1.94)1.39 (1.00-1.93)196491.60 (0.93-2.77)152641.36 (0.89-2.07)
    >623481732.15 (1.59-2.91)2.22 (1.63-3.04)188682.31 (1.36-3.91)1601052.22 (1.49-3.30)
P for trend<0.0010.0000.0040.000
Sucrose
    ≤5.23471001.001.00136261.00211741.00
    5.3-6.7349780.84 (0.60-1.17)0.81 (0.57-1.14)170310.96 (0.53-1.75)179470.67 (0.43-1.04)
    6.8-8.53471211.40 (1.02-1.91)1.34 (0.97-1.85)185582.05 (1.19-3.53)162631.03 (0.68-1.56)
    >8.53481762.04 (1.52-2.74)2.00 (1.47-2.71)195742.51 (1.47-4.26)1531021.84 (1.26-2.71)
P for trend<0.0010.0000.0000.000
Fructose
    ≤4.33481111.001.00136321.00212791.00
    4.4-7.03481051.02 (0.75-1.39)0.95 (0.69-1.30)164491.32 (0.78-2.22)184560.71 (0.47-1.08)
    7.1-10.13481081.07 (0.79-1.46)0.90 (0.65-1.24)189481.12 (0.66-1.89)159600.77 (0.51-1.16)
    >10.13471511.56 (1.16-2.09)1.36 (1.00-1.86)197601.40 (0.83-2.34)150911.32 (0.88-1.97)
P for trend0.0030.0580.3250.184
Lactose
    ≤3.23481071.001.00172421.00176651.00
    3.3-6.33481361.34 (1.00-1.81)1.20 (0.88-1.63)207721.45 (0.91-2.30)141640.95 (0.61-1.47)
    6.4-8.4348870.76 (0.55-1.06)0.66 (0.48-0.93)162380.84 (0.50-1.41)186490.52 (0.33-0.82)
    >8.43471451.25 (0.93-1.68)1.06 (0.78-1.45)145371.08 (0.64-1.82)2021081.00 (0.67-1.48)
P for trend0.6730.5150.5750.649
Starch
    ≤11.23481591.001.00182491.001661101.00
    11.3-14.33481140.72 (0.54-0.96)0.79 (0.59-1.07)180471.08 (0.67-1.75)168670.70 (0.47-1.03)
    14.4-17.5347790.48 (0.35-0.65)0.54 (0.39-0.75)166330.65 (0.38-1.10)181460.48 (0.31-0.74)
    >17.53481230.75 (0.57-1.00)1.04 (0.76-1.44)158601.51 (0.90-2.51)190630.85 (0.56-1.30)
P for trend0.0080.5310.3590.136
Glucose
    ≤3.43481091.001.00137331.00211761.00
    3.5-6.33481111.09 (0.80-1.48)1.02 (0.74-1.39)159501.34 (0.80-2.25)189610.81 (0.54-1.21)
    6.4-9.23481131.15 (0.85-1.57)0.97 (0.70-1.34)197491.12 (0.66-1.89)151640.89 (0.59-1.35)
    >9.23471421.47 (1.09-1.98)1.28 (0.94-1.75)193571.30 (0.77-2.19)154851.20 (0.80-1.80)
P for trend0.0100.1400.5050.328
  • * Adjusted for age, total energy intake, SES, family breast cancer, menopausal status, and parity.