Table 2.

Unadjusted ORs and 95% CIs for associations between nonadherence to mammography screening guidelines and perceived susceptibility and nonadherence and the primary covariates, Connecticut, 1996-2000

DomainVariablesAdherent, n = 642,*n (%)Nonadherent, n = 587,n (%)OR (95% CI)
Perceived susceptibilityPerceived likelihood of developing breast cancer
    Very likely20 (33.3)40 (66.7)3.35 (1.89, 5.96)
    Somewhat likely238 (62.6)142 (37.4)1.00 (referent)
    A little likely209 (52.5)189 (47.5)1.52 (1.14, 2.02)
    Not likely141 (45.8)167 (54.2)1.99 (1.46, 2.69)
    Don't know31 (41.9)43 (58.1)2.33 (1.40, 3.86)
Sociodemographic factorsRace
    White418 (56.1)327 (43.9)1.00 (reference)
    African American224 (46.3)260 (53.7)1.48 (1.18-1.87)
Age (y)
    40-49296 (66.8)147 (33.2)1.00 (reference)
    50+346 (44.0)440 (56.0)2.56 (2.00-3.26)
Marital status
    Married/living as married405 (58.1)292 (41.9)1.00 (reference)
    Other234 (44.6)291 (55.4)1.75 (1.37-2.17)
Education (y)
    >12401 (58.8)281 (41.2)1.00 (reference)
    12177 (49.2)183 (50.8)1.48 (1.14-1.91)
    <1262 (34.4)118 (65.6)2.72 (1.93-3.83)
Annual family income
    $50,000+302 (61.8)187 (38.2)1.00 (reference)
    $15,000-$49,999206 (53.0)183 (47.0)1.44 (1.10-1.88)
    <$15,00098 (36.6)170 (63.4)2.80 (2.06-3.81)
Access to medical careMammography insurance (full, annual coverage)
    Yes436 (52.0)402 (48.0)1.00 (reference)
    No203 (52.6)183 (47.4)0.98 (0.77-1.25)
Usual health care provider
    Yes586 (53.3)514 (46.7)1.00 (reference)
    No52 (43.3)68 (56.7)1.49 (1.02-2.18)
Mammography-related factorsHistory of nonadherence to mammography screening guidelines
    Adherent558 (56.6)428 (43.4)1.00 (reference)
    Nonadherent80 (33.9)156 (66.1)2.54 (1.89-3.42)
Knowledge of mammography screening guidelines
    Correct568 (55.3)460 (44.8)1.00 (reference)
    Not correct74 (37.2)125 (62.8)2.09 (1.53-2.85)
Health care provider recommended a mammogram
    Yes507 (57.0)383 (43.0)1.00 (reference)
    No133 (39.7)202 (60.3)2.01 (1.56-2.60)
Breast cancer in a first- or second-degree relative
    Yes207 (58.3)148 (41.7)1.00 (reference)
    No434 (49.9)435 (50.1)1.40 (1.09-1.80)
  • * May not sum to 642 due to missing values.

  • May not sum to 587 due to missing values.