Table 1

Summary of albumin adducts of 1,2- and 1,4-NPQa among coke oven workers by work category (controls, side- or bottom-of-oven workers, and top-of-oven workers) and smoking status

Exposure category
ControlsSide- or bottom-of-oven workersTop-of-oven workers
Smokers (n = 3)Nonsmokers (n = 19)Smokers (n = 8)Nonsmokers (n = 5)Smokers (n = 9)Nonsmokers (n = 6)
1,2-NPQ-Alb (pmol/g Alb)
 Mean ± SD56.1 ± 11.761.5 ± 54.376.2 ± 40.868.6 ± 24.5117 ± 61.998.6 ± 41.5
 Median55.344.270.962.610295.6
 Range44.7–68.111.4–19419.7–13240.4–10847.5–22750.6–150
1,4-NPQ-Alb (pmol/g Alb)
 Mean ± SD60.6 ± 43.944.9 ± 17.349.4 ± 16.047.9 ± 19.462.3 ± 50.480.5 ± 60.3
 Median36.144.948.646.049.959.4
 Range34.4–11119.3–69.931.8–78.527.6–74.729.2–19430.3–186
  • a NPQ, naphthoquinone; Alb, albumin.