Table 2

Dietary intake and daily medication usea

VariableOverall (n = 52)Exercise group (n = 24)Control group (n = 28)Pb
Dietary intake
 Total calories (Kcal/day)1780 (389)1782 (391)1779 (395)0.979
 Percent calories from fat33 (6)34 (5)32 (7)0.288
 Percent calories from carbohydrates50 (8)49 (6)51 (8)0.253
 Percent calories from protein16 (3)16 (3)16 (4)0.440
 Total fat (g)59 (15)60 (14)58 (17)0.541
 Total carbohydrate (g)228 (61)220 (54)234 (67)0.428
 Total protein (g)73 (23)74 (21)71 (25)0.663
Daily medication use
 ACE inhibitor3 (5%)1 (4%)2 (7%)0.646
 Acetaminophen3 (5%)3 (13%)0 (0%)0.054
 α-Antagonist2 (4%)2 (8%)0 (0%)0.119
 Antibiotic1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
 Antifungal1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
 Anti-inflammatory15 (29%)7 (29%)8 (29%)0.962
 Aspirin3 (5%)2 (8%)1 (4%)0.463
 Atorvastatin3 (5%)1 (4%)2 (7%)0.646
 β-Blocker1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
 Bisphosphonate11 (19%)7 (29%)4 (14%)0.190
 Calcium channel blocker1 (2%)1 (4%)1 (4%)0.911
 Diuretic2 (4%)1 (4%)1 (4%)0.911
 Hormone replacement therapy1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
 Hydrogen ion blocker1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
 Leukotriene antagonist1 (2%)1 (4%)0 (0%)0.275
 Nasal steroid2 (4%)1 (4%)1 (4%)0.911
 Proton pump inhibitor4 (7%)3 (13%)1 (4%)0.228
 Sedative6 (12%)4 (17%)2 (7%)0.284
 Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor11 (19%)6 (25%)5 (18%)0.530
 Sumatriptan1 (2%)1 (4%)0 (0%)0.275
 Thyroid hormone13 (23%)3 (13%)10 (36%)0.054
 Ventolin1 (2%)0 (0%)1 (4%)0.350
  • a Data are presented as the mean (SD) for continuous variables and frequency (percentage) for categorical variables.

  • b P for the difference between groups.