Table 1

Baseline Characteristicsa

VariableOverall (n = 52)Exercise group (n = 24)Control group (n = 28)Pb
Demographic
 Age (years)59 (6)59 (5)58 (6)0.712
Medical
 Weight (kg)78.7 (18.1)78.1 (20.4)79.4 (16.4)0.801
 Body mass index (kg/m2)29.2 (6.6)29.4 (7.4)29.1 (6.1)0.880
 Months postsurgery, RT, and/or CTc14 (6)14 (6)14 (7)0.856
 Stage
  I (T1N0)21 (40%)10 (42%)11 (39%)0.862
  IIa (T1N1, T2N0)17 (33%)6 (25%)11 (39%)0.274
  IIb (T2N1, T3N0)11 (21%)6 (25%)5 (18%)0.530
  IIIa (T1N2, T2N2, T3N1–2)3 (6%)2 (8%)1 (4%)0.463
 Surgery
  Mastectomy28 (54%)15 (64%)13 (46%)0.246
  Lumpectomy24 (46%)9 (37%)15 (54%)0.246
 Radiation therapy37 (71%)16 (67%)21 (75%)0.508
 Chemotherapy21 (40%)10 (42%)11 (39%)0.862
  Anthracycline regimen20 (38%)10 (42%)10 (36%)0.329
 Current hormone therapy use24 (46%)11 (46%)13 (46%)0.966
Past exercise
 Moderate minutes82 (114)62 (94)98 (126)0.247
 Strenuous minutes25 (61)23 (56)26 (65)0.897
 Moderate/strenuous minutes106 (129)85 (102)124 (146)0.280
 >90 Moderate/strenuous22 (42%)10 (42%)12 (42.9%)0.931
  • Data are presented as the mean (SD) for continuous variables and frequency (percentage) for categorical variables.

  • a Adapted with permission from Ref. 17 .

  • b P for difference between groups.

  • c RT, radiation therapy; CT, chemotherapy.