Table 1

Selected characteristics of prostate cancer cases and controls

CharacteristicsCases, n (%)Controls, n (%)
Age, (yr)
 40–4946 (6)58 (8)
 50–54150 (20)138 (20)
 55–59257 (34)264 (38)
 60–64300 (40)243 (35)
Race
 Caucasian707 (94)685 (97)
 African American46 (6)18 (3)
Family history CAPa
 No613 (81)634 (90)
 Yes140 (19)99 (10)
Education
 High school or less162 (22)133 (19)
 Some college210 (28)191 (27)
 College degree202 (27)192 (27)
 Graduate degree179 (24)187 (27)
Annual income, $ United States
 <30,000106 (14)91 (13)
 30,000–50,000171 (23)170 (24)
 50,000–75,000192 (26)190 (27)
 >75,000274 (36)243 (35)
 Unknown10 (1)9 (1)
Weekly exercise
 None149 (20)107 (15)
 <1173 (23)203 (29)
 2–3249 (33)229 (33)
 4–6132 (18)119 (17)
 >650 (7)45 (6)
Percentage of calories from fat
 ≤30126 (17)138 (20)
 31–37181 (24)152 (22)
 38–42159 (21)151 (22)
 ≥43149 (20)153 (22)
 Missing138 (18)109 (16)
Cruciferous vegetable/week
 <1201 (27)166 (24)
 1–3265 (35)243 (35)
 >3149 (20)185 (26)
 Missing138 (18)109 (16)
Alcoholic drinks/week
 None72 (10)86 (12)
 ≤3169 (22)146 (21)
 4–7153 (20)163 (23)
 8–14167 (22)145 (21)
 15–35144 (19)123 (17)
 >3548 (6)40 (6)
History of PSA testingb
 No218 (29)464 (66)
 Yes535 (71)239 (34)
History of BPHc
 No500 (66)581 (83)
 Yes253 (34)122 (17)
  • a First-degree relative with prostate cancer.

  • b PSA test done >1 year before reference date.

  • c History of BPH.