Table 3

Geometric means of micronutrient (ng/ml) distribution

Lung canceraProstate cancerb
CaseControlPcCaseControlPc
Lutein
 Overall1211370.0008
 Male1241350.071261350.11
 Female1151410.002
Zeaxanthin
 Overall24.127.10.004
 Male25.628.00.0725.727.20.19
 Female21.825.50.02
β-Cryptoxanthin
 Overall51.659.10.01
 Male51.654.80.3953.554.80.69
 Female51.667.10.003
Lycopene
 Overall2773020.11
 Male2832930.603073090.92
 Female2673200.04
α-Carotene
 Overall27.731.50.03
 Male26.128.00.3729.128.90.91
 Female30.538.60.001
β-Carotene
 Overall1411520.23
 Male1261320.571351420.49
 Female1691940.20
α-Tocopherol
 Overall12900139000.02
 Male12500136000.0512600138000.03
 Female13600145000.22
γ-Tocopherol
 Overall228022200.60
 Male233024200.56229024300.35
 Female220019100.16
Retinol
 Overall6516690.18
 Male6506870.036706740.80
 Female6536410.61
Retinyl palmitate
 Overall40.944.70.23
 Male39.142.80.3642.945.90.37
 Female44.248.10.40
  • a Lung cancer distribution: overall n = 552 (case n = 276, control n = 276), male n = 348 (case n = 174, control n = 174), female n = 204 (case n = 102, control n = 102).

  • b Prostate cancer distribution: overall n = 410 (case n = 205, control n = 205).

  • c P from paired t test for difference between means.