Appendix

Individual levels of urinary total NNAL (pmol/mg creatinine and pmol/ml urine) and total cotinine (in nmol/mg creatinine and nmol/ml urine) levels in individual nonsmoking patrons before and after exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in a casino.

SubjectTime of urine sampleNNALaNNALbCotininecCotinined
1Before0.003e0.019
1After0.0260.065
2Before0.0620.022
2After0.0620.024
3Before0.0250.0160.0360.023
3After0.0410.0370.0510.046
4Before0.004e0.0050.0100.010
4After0.0230.0470.0520.105
5Before0.005e0.0050.0130.013
5After0.0210.0200.0310.031
6Before0.012e0.0090.003e0.002
6After0.0310.0280.0290.026
7Before0.0060.0220.003e0.010
7After0.0350.0470.0300.040
8Before0.0770.0300.0100.004
8After0.1120.0780.0530.037
9Before0.004e0.0030.003e0.002
9After0.0350.0290.0560.047
10Before0.012e0.0200.003e0.005
10After0.008e0.0130.0550.086
11Before0.0200.0180.0260.024
11After0.0270.0340.1140.144
12Before0.0260.0790.0140.043
12After0.0340.0760.0680.151
13Before0.010e0.0110.0130.015
13After0.0410.0260.0790.051
14Before0.004e0.0080.003e0.007
14After0.007e0.0120.0240.039
15Before0.008e0.0050.0120.007
15After0.009e0.0060.0340.023
16Before0.0460.0300.0200.013
16After0.0560.0500.0450.040
17Before0.004e0.0090.003e0.007
17After0.0180.0320.0220.039
18Before0.015e0.0490.0070.023
18After0.0280.0620.0230.050
  • a pmol/ml urine.

  • b pmol/mg creatinine.

  • c nmol/ml urine.

  • d nmol/mg creatinine.

  • e Below the limit of detection.