Table 2

Rate ratiosa (95% confidence intervals in parentheses) of overall, low-grade, moderate-grade, and aggressiveb prostate cancer risk in relation to anthropometric measurements

All cases (n = 477)Low grade (n = 66)Moderate grade (n = 332)Aggressive (n = 79)
Height (per 10 cm)0.94 (0.81–1.08)1.14 (0.78–1.67)0.93 (0.78–1.10)0.82 (0.58–1.15)
Weight (per 10 kg)1.02 (0.95–1.11)1.09 (0.89–1.34)0.97 (0.88–1.07)1.20 (1.00–1.44)
Waist circumference (per 10 cm)1.06 (0.97–1.16)1.09 (0.85–1.39)1.00 (0.90–1.12)1.29 (1.04–1.60)
Hip circumference (per 10 cm)1.12 (0.99–1.27)1.25 (0.90–1.73)1.02 (0.88–1.19)1.44 (1.09–1.90)
Fat-free mass (per 10 kg)0.96 (0.82–1.13)1.14 (0.75–1.73)0.87 (0.71–1.05)1.25 (0.85–1.83)
Fat mass (per 10 kg)1.08 (0.96–1.22)1.14 (0.83–1.56)1.01 (0.88–1.17)1.35 (1.03–1.77)
Percentage fat (per 10%)1.16 (0.99–1.35)1.10 (0.72–1.66)1.12 (0.93–1.34)1.39 (0.95–2.06)
Body mass index (per 5 kg/m2)1.09 (0.96–1.24)1.10 (0.77–1.55)1.00 (0.86–1.17)1.51 (1.14–2.01)
Waist-to-hip ratio (per 0.1 units)1.00 (0.86–1.16)0.93 (0.62–1.38)0.97 (0.82–1.16)1.17 (0.82–1.68)
Heart rate (beats/min)c1.00 (0.92–1.09)0.92 (0.73–1.17)1.02 (0.92–1.12)1.03 (0.83–1.27)
  • a All rate ratios (per unit of change) are adjusted for age, country of birth, and highest level of education.

  • b Gleason score was ascertained and used to categorize prostate cancer grade into low (Gleason score 1–4), moderate (Gleason score 5–7), and high (Gleason score 8–10). High-grade prostate cancers and metastatic cases were grouped together as aggressive prostate cancer.

  • c On basis of 475 prostate cancers (66 low grade, 331 moderate grade, and 78 aggressive).