Table 2

Characteristics of colorectal cancer cases and controls

Cases (%)Controls (%)
aSex
 Males89 (70.1)217 (65.2)
 Females38 (29.9)116 (34.8)
aRace
 Caucasian110 (86.6)297 (89.2)
 African-American17 (13.4)36 (10.8)
aAge
 <5025 (19.7)45 (13.5)
 50–5929 (22.8)77 (23.1)
 60–6935 (27.6)125 (37.5)
 ≥7038 (29.9)86 (25.8)
Education
 <High school grad33 (26.2)46 (13.8)
 High school grad45 (35.7)79 (23.7)
 Some college or vocational26 (20.6)103 (30.9)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher22 (17.5)105 (31.5)
bCigarette smoking
 Never52 (41.3)152 (45.7)
 Current26 (20.6)44 (13.2)
 Former48 (38.1)137 (41.1)
bTotal meat (ounces/week)
 <28.826 (20.6)103 (31.1)
 28.8–47.742 (33.3)120 (36.3)
 >47.758 (46.0)108 (32.6)
Preserved meat (ounces/week)
21 (16.7)114 (34.2)
40 (31.8)110 (33.0)
65 (51.6)109 (32.7)
  • a Proportions by age, sex and race are unequal because the number of controls matched to each case varied between 1 and 4.

  • b One case was missing information on smoking and meat consumption. Two controls were missing information on some meat variables.