Table 3

Partial correlations of botanical food group servings ascertained from a 3-day food record and plasma enterolactonea in 193 healthy 20–40-year-old participants

Botanical group (servings/day)aAdjustedb correlation coefficients
Agaricaceae (cultivated button mushrooms)0.07
Chenopodiaceae (spinach, beets, Swiss chard)0.15c
Compositae (lettuces)−0.07
Cruciferae (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, etc.)0.02
Cucurbitaceae (melon, squash)0.07
Ericaceae (blueberries, cranberries, lingonberries, etc.)0.05
Juglandaceae (walnut, pecan)0.15c
Lauraceae (avocado)0.13
Leguminosae (beans, peas)0.20d
Liliaceae (onion, garlic)0.05
Musaceae (bananas)0.05
Oleaceae (olives)0.07
Pedaliaceae (sesame)0.20d
Rosaceae (apple, pear, strawberry, stone fruits)0.04
Rutaceae (citrus fruits)0.08
Solanaceae (tomato, peppers, potatoes)0.13
Umbelliferae (carrot, celery)0.05
Vitaceae (grapes)0.20d
  • a Variables are ln(x + 1) transformed.

  • b All controlled for age, BMI, sex, and percentage of energy as fat.

  • c P < 0.05.

  • d P < 0.01.