Table 2

Results reported by case-control studies evaluating the effect of alcoholic beverages on lung cancer riska

StudyComparisonBeerComparisonWineComparisonLiquorComments
Mettlin, 1989 (U.S.) (13)Never1.0(same)1.0(same)1.0M and F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors
<1 time/wk0.5 (0.3–0.8)0.5 (0.4–0.8)0.7 (0.5–1.0)
4–9 times/wk0.7 (0.4–1.2)0.8 (0.4–1.5)0.6 (0.4–0.9)
10+ times/wk1.3 (0.8–2.1)0.9 (0.4–2.5)0.6 (0.4–1.1)
Bandera et al., 1992 (U.S.) (20)40+ vs. 0 beers/mo1.9 (1.1–3.4)2+ vs. 0 drinks/mo0.7 (0.5–1.1)9+ vs. 0 drinks/mo1.1 (0.7–1.6)White M
P for trend <0.01P for trend 0.4P for trend 0.1
De Stefani et al., 1993 (Uruguay) (24)(ml of pure ethanol/day) Nondrinker(ml of pure ethanol/day)(ml of pure ethanol/day)M
 1.0Nondrinker 1.0Nondrinker1.0
1–90.7 (0.3–2.5)1–361.2 (0.7–2.2)1–340.9 (0.6–1.6)
10–591.4 (0.4–6.2)37–1201.3 (0.7–3.1)35–1151.3 (0.8–2.6)
60+ (1 l. of beer/day)3.4 (1.3–15.2)121+ (1 liter of wine/day)1.5 (0.9–3.3)116+ (.25 l. liquor/day)1.1 (0.6–1.4)
P for trend 0.02P for trend 0.09P for trend 0.5
Mayne et al., 1994 (U.S.) (38)Highest quartile compared with lowest1.2Not presentedNot presentedNonsmokers
(CI not presented, includes one)Adjusted for prior cigarette use. M and F combined, not adjusted for sex
P for trend >0.05
De Stefani et al., 1996 (Uruguay) (27)Drinkers vs. never-drinkers of beer and liquor1.9 (0.96–3.7)Not presented(same)1.4 (0.98–2.1)M + F combined adjusted for sex, pack-yr and other factors
Rachtan et al., 1997 (Poland) (30)Adjusted OR not presentedAdjusted OR not presentedNondrinker1.0F Adjusted for pack-yr and carrot consumption
1–2 times/mo2.6 (1.2–5.5)
1+ times/mo7.5 (0.8–71.0)
P for trend 0.003
Carpenter et al., 1998 (U.S.) (31)Never-3 drinks/mo1.0(same)1.0(same)1.0M + F adjusted for sex
1–6 drinks/wk0.3 (0.2–0.7)0.7 (0.4–1.3)1.2 (0.7–2.2)
1+ drinks/day0.9 (0.4–1.7)0.8 (0.3–1.9)1.9 (1.0–3.4)
P for trend 0.45P for trend 0.66P for trend 0.06
  • a Smoking-adjusted ORs and their 95% CIs.