Table 3

Pearson’s correlations between HMdU aAbs and antioxidant micronutrients among smokers at baseline stratified by gender and agea

MicronutrientAnti-HMdU aAbs in female smokersAnti-HMdU aAbs in male smokers
All women (n = 63)Women ≤ 50 years of age (n = 33)Women > 50 years of age (n = 30)All men (n = 77)Men ≤ 50 years of age (n = 49)Men > 50 years of age (n = 28)
Retinol (μg/dl) −0.24 −0.03 −0.34 0.18 0.28 0.09
P = 0.06 P = 0.87 P = 0.06 P = 0.13 P = 0.05 P = 0.71
α-Tocopherol (μg/ml) −0.21 −0.001−0.23−0.040.004−0.16
P = 0.10 P = 0.99P = 0.22P = 0.76P = 0.98P = 0.40
Leutin/Zeaxanthin (ng/ml)0.01−0.060.06−0.120.02−0.30
P = 0.93P = 0.73P = 0.74P = 0.24P = 0.88P = 0.12
Age −0.25 0.17 −0.39 0.120.09 −0.34
P = 0.04 P = 0.34 P = 0.03 P = 0.29P = 0.56 P = 0.07
Years smoking −0.27 0.19 −0.38 0.170.16−0.24
P = 0.03 P = 0.28 P = 0.04 P = 0.15P = 0.28P = 0.22
CPD0.040.040.090.140.040.29
P = 0.72P = 0.82P = 0.64P = 0.24P = 0.80P = 0.13
Pack-years−0.090.120.060.120.010.07
P = 0.49P = 0.51P = 0.77P = 0.32P = 0.95P = 0.74
Cotinine (ng/ml)0.12−0.11 0.36 −0.07−0.19 0.11
P = 0.35P = 0.55 P = 0.05 P = 0.53P = 0.19P = 0.57
BMI (kg/m2)0.20−0.007 0.34 −0.14−0.18−0.16
P = 0.12P = 0.97 P = 0.08 P = 0.24P = 0.25P = 0.43
  • a Micronutrients with weak statistical relationships with aAbs (P > 0.10) are not shown in the table. Associations with P ≤ 0.10 are in italics.