Table 2

Food and nutrient consumptiona before and following the dietary study period

Soymilk supplemented (n = 17)Control (n = 17)
InitialFinalInitialFinal
Soymilk
 Total amount (ml)0.0 (0.0)342.9 (74.2)b0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)
 Isoflavones (mg)0.0 (0.0)76.8 (16.6)b0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)
Other soy products
 Total amount (g)30.1 (18.0)31.0 (17.5)38.6 (26.0)39.3 (30.5)
 Isoflavones (mg)16.1 (10.4)16.0 (8.2)18.2 (13.3)17.8 (11.4)
Nutrient
 Energy (kcal)2,244 (613)2,214 (261)2,030 (597)2,046 (481)
 Protein (g)73.6 (18.9)86.7 (15.3)72.7 (24.6)71.5 (17.6)
 Fat (g)77.3 (29.6)76.0 (16.9)63.5 (24.8)62.2 (16.3)
 Cholesterol (mg)279 (74)326 (96)290 (106)312 (105)
 Carbohydrate (g)287 (75)272 (52)262 (81)262 (61)
 Crude fiber (g)3.4 (1.3)3.5 (0.7)3.0 (1.5)3.2 (1.8)
 Retinol (μg)265 (162)150 (59)c412 (597)156 (73)
 Carotene (μg)1,687 (789)1,380 (532)1,556 (696)1,781 (2,131)
 Vitamin A (IU)1,491 (694)1,029 (316)c1,830 (1,700)1,230 (1,107)
 Vitamin B1 (mg)0.71 (0.22)2.56 (0.57)b0.68 (0.25)0.64 (0.23)
 Vitamin B2 (mg)0.95 (0.37)0.97 (0.27)0.97 (0.40)0.89 (0.30)
 Vitamin C (mg)81.5 (109)66.8 (66.5)33.7 (31.5)30.1 (21.3)
 Vitamin D (mg)182 (100)127 (69)191 (131)198 (132)
 Vitamin E (mg)8.1 (2.6)7.5 (2.2)7.1 (2.8)6.8 (1.9)
 Phosphate (mg)1,051 (267)1,230 (213)b1,039 (370)1,011 (260)
 Calcium (mg)406 (167)401 (148)393 (197)372 (146)
 Iron (mg)9.5 (2.8)11.1 (2.0)b9.5 (3.7)9.7 (5.6)
 Salt (g)12.0 (3.5)10.6 (2.6)c10.6 (4.2)10.5 (3.0)
 Alcohol (g)12.6 (19.4)11.1 (15.1)18.3 (19.8)24.2 (33.5)
  • a Mean (SD).

  • b P < 0.01 for the difference between initial and final.

  • c P < 0.01 for the difference between initial and final.