Table 4

Food groupings used in the dietary pattern analyses

Foods or food groupsFood items
VegetablesBeets, carrots, cabbage, lettuce, spinach, tomatoes, and cucumbers
FruitApples, pears, oranges, grapefruit and bananas
Whole grainsWhole grain soft bread, crisp bread, oatmeal, and other whole grain hot cereals
Refined grainsWhite bread, rice, spaghetti, waffles, and pancakes
CerealAssorted breakfast cereals and musli
Low-fat dairyLow-fat milk, reduced-fat (medium) milk, and low-fat yogurt
High-fat dairyButter, cheese, whole milk, whole yogurt, and ice cream
FishSalmon, mackerel, sardines, tuna, herring, other fish, lobster, shrimp, crab, and mussels
PoultryChicken
MeatBeef, chopped meat, minced meat, liver, and liver pate
Processed meatBacon, sausage and blood pudding
EggsEggs
MargarineMargarine
Pea soupPea soup and bean soup
PotatoBoiled potatoes, fried potatoes, and french fries
SnacksPotato chips, other snack chips, popcorn, and fried and salted nuts
SweetsAssorted candy, caramels, chocolate, cookies, sugar (e.g., sugar cubes), sweet soups, marmalade, and jams
JuiceJuice
SodaCarbonated and uncarbonated sweetened drinks
TeaTea
CoffeeCoffee
BeerBeer
WineWine
LiquorLiquor