Table 1

Mean (± SD) consumption of total vegetables and fruits in the subcohort stratified by potential risk factors of urothelial cancer; NLCS (1986–1992)

CharacteristicsVegetable consumptionFruit consumption
n = 2953grams/day (±SD)n = 3123grams/day (±SD)
Age (years)
 55–591132188.7 (±76.6)1198170.8 (±119.8)
 60–641025191.3 (±74.4)1082176.1 (±114.8)
 65–69796186.6 (±75.1)843182.3 (±116.8)
Alcohol consumption (grams/day)
 No consumption676181.4 (±80.5)719185.8 (±120.2)
 <151484187.7 (±71.9)1567180.3 (±116.2)
 ≥15710200.4 (±76.9)741153.9 (±111.9)
Coffee consumption (cups/day)
 No consumption89196.4 (±94.0)98206.9 (±134.8)
 <51709187.4 (±70.7)1800181.9 (±115.4)
 ≥51155190.9 (±80.4)1225164.14 (±117.6)
Tea consumption (cups/day)
 No consumption334184.2 (±87.6)363151.2 (±119.5)
 <41476187.7 (±73.8)1564168.5 (±109.9)
 ≥41143192.2 (±73.6)1196192.6 (±123.7)
Total water consumption (ml/day)
 Tertile 1 (<1847)992164.5 (±67.2)1042141.3 (±96.6)
 Tertile 2 (≥1847–<2222)1005187.5 (±66.2)1043173.3 (±103.8)
 Tertile 3 (≥2222)956216.2 (±83.1)1038212.8 (±136.7)
Current cigarette smoking
 No2130191.0 (±74.7)2248187.4 (±118.9)
 Yes823184.0 (±77.1)875145.9 (±107.7)
Cigarette smoking amount
 Nonsmoker1078190.4 (±75.9)1147201.0 (±119.4)
 <15 cig/day875187.3 (±71.5)910171.0 (±113.7)
 ≥15 cig/day911190.6 (±78.0)950154.5 (±114.8)
Cigarette smoking duration
 Nonsmoker1078190.4 (±75.9)1147201.0 (±119.4)
 <35 years941192.8 (±74.8)992175.3 (±115.5)
 ≥35 years897183.3 (±74.9)944146.7 (±109.6)
High-risk occupationa
 No2940189.0 (±75.4)3108175.8 (±117.4)
 Yes13203.2 (±83.7)15164.9 (±106.2)
Family history of urothelial cancer
 No2896189.1 (±75.2)3064175.5 (±117.2)
 Yes57186.4 (±88.6)59185.8 (±124.0)
Vegetable consumption (grams/day)
 Tertile 1 (<150)N/AbN/Ab982151.4 (±110.1)
 Tertile 2 (≥150–<212)N/AbN/Ab1056170.0 (±105.3)
 Tertile 3 (≥212)N/AbN/Ab1085203.4 (±128.6)
Fruit consumption (grams/day)
 Tertile 1 (<15)970173.9 (±72.2)N/AbN/Ab
 Tertile 2 (≥115–<205)1022188.5 (±72.2)N/AbN/Ab
 Tertile 3 (≥205)961204.9 (±78.7)N/AbN/Ab
  • a Ever exposed to dye, rubber, leather, and vehicle fumes.

  • b Not applicable.