Table 1

Demographic characteristics of cervical carcinoma cases and HPV-positive and HPV-negative controls

CharacteristicCases n = 55Controls
HPV-positive n = 83HPV-negative n = 107
Age (mean yr ± SD)49.5 ± 1245.8 ± 8a47.9 ± 10
Ethnicity
 Wolof22 (40.0%)21 (51.2%)b26 (54.2%)b
 Pular15 (27.3%)8 (19.5%)11 (22.9%)
 Other18 (32.7%)12 (29.1%)11 (23.3%)
Origin (birthplace)
 Dakar35 (63.6%)83 (100.0%)a104 (97.2%)a
 Other20 (36.7%)0 (0%)3 (2.8%)
Marital status
 Monogamously married13 (23.6%)22 (26.5%)29 (27.4%)c
 Polygamously married26 (47.3%)43 (51.8%)58 (54.7%)
 Unmarried16 (29.1%)18 (21.6%)19 (17.9%)
Mean no. of live-born infants ± SD4.9 ± 35.8 ± 2a6.1 ± 3a
Current method of birth control
 None50 (90.9%)51 (61.4%)a83 (79.0%)a,d
 Pill2 (3.6%)5 (6.0%)3 (2.9%)
 Injection/Norplant3 (5.5%)5 (6.0%)6 (5.7%)
 Spermicide0 (0%)1 (1.2%)1 (1.0%)
 IUD0 (0%)15 (18.1%)10 (9.5%)
 Ligature0 (0%)3 (3.6%)1 (1.0%)
 Other0 (0%)3 (3.6%)1 (1.0%)
  • a P < 0.05 comparing controls with cases; for birth control method, nonusers were compared with users.

  • b Forty or more missing values.

  • c One missing value.

  • d Two missing values.