Table 1.

Descriptive statistics by race/ethnicity

TotalWhiteBlackHispanic
VariableN 989397411181Pa
Stage at diagnosis (N = 857)b,c0.003
 0200 (23%)93 (27%)81 (23%)26 (16%)
 1289 (34%)131 (38%)109 (31%)49 (30%)
 2255 (30%)89 (26%)108 (31%)58 (36%)
 397 (11%)28 (8%)46 (13%)23 (14%)
 416 (2%)2 (1%)9 (3%)5 (3%)
Concentrated disadvantaged−0.00 (3.02)−2.13 (1.34)2.18 (3.05)−0.28 (1.99)<0.001
MUA statusc<0.001
 Noneligible487 (49%)281 (71%)125 (30%)81 (45%)
 Designated MUA399 (40%)114 (29%)189 (46%)96 (53%)
 Eligible, nondesignated103 (10%)2 (1%)97 (24%)4 (2%)
Drive time to mammography (minutes; N = 887b,d)17.6 (12.7)17.2 (13.8)18.34(12.1)16.6 (11.0)0.253
Age (years)d56.0 (11.3)55.9 (11.2)56.9 (11.2)54.3 (11.6)0.043
Education (years)d13.1 (3.1)14.6 (2.4)12.9 (2.2)10.4 (4.0)<0.001
Family income (000′s; N = 952)b,d60.6 (58.0)93.0 (66.3)39.5 (39.5)38.9 (39.2)<0.001
Regular doctore854 (86%)354 (89%)355 (86%)145 (80%)0.013
Comorbidities (count)d0.71 (1.03)0.52 (0.89)0.90 (1.09)0.69 (1.09)<0.001
Insurance coveragec<0.001
 Private524 (53%)282 (71%)166 (40%)76 (42%)
 Medicare205 (21%)83 (21%)94 (23%)28 (15%)
 Medicaid140 (14%)13 (3%)94 (23%)33 (18%)
 None120 (12%)19 (5%)57 (14%)44 (24%)
Mammogram within past 2 yearse630 (64%)259 (65%)261 (64%)110 (61%)0.585
Disprortionate share facilitye279 (28%)42 (11%)152 (37%)85 (47%)<0.001
BICOE-accredited facilitye600 (61%)321 (81%)190 (46%)89 (49%)<0.001
Visited more than one facility for dxe335 (34%)103 (26%)147 (36%)85 (47%)<0.001
Dx delayed more than 60 days (N = 856)b,e199 (22%)45 (12%)100 (27%)54 (32%)<0.001
Radiologic dxe507 (51%)236 (59%)195 (47%)76 (42%)<0.001
  • Abbreviations: dx, diagnosis.

  • aχ2 tests on categorical variables, ANOVA on continuous.

  • bReduced N due to missing data.

  • cCategorical variable (N, %).

  • dContinuous variable (mean, SD).

  • eDichotomous variable (N, %).