Table 2.

Associations reported in terms of beta estimates and SEs between log-transformed TL (kb) and independent neighborhood factors [scaled by SD, before and after adjustment for covariates (n = 1,488) in linear mixed effect models]

Neighborhood factors scaled by SD
Model 1 (estimate, SE)PModel 2 (estimate, SE)P
Increasing NSES index−0.01, 0.040.90−0.01, 0.040.91
Increasing population density (population/sq. mile)−0.02, 0.020.32−0.03, 0.020.33
Increasing urban crowding (housing units/sq. mile)−0.02, 0.020.36−0.02, 0.020.30
Increasing residential crowding
 % Crowded households−0.05, 0.070.52−0.05, 0.080.54
Increasing residential stability (%)
 % Same house for the past year0.06, 0.050.180.05, 0.050.27
Increasing residential mobility (%)
 % Moved within same state (not county) as of one year ago−0.01, 0.040.89−0.001, 0.040.99
  • NOTE: Model 1 is the crude analysis without covariates. Model 2 includes adjustment for age, gender, cancer status, race/ethnicity, perceived stress (high/low), depression (high/low), smoking (ever/never), date of blood draw (month and year), education level, DNA extraction, and the interactions of gender and cancer status, and race/ethnicity and educational level.